Flower delivery Mosul (Arabic: الموصل al-Mawṣil, Syriac: ܡܘܨܠ, romanized: Māwṣil , Kurdish: مووسڵ, ) is a major city in northern Iraq. Located approximately 400 km (250 mi) north of Baghdad, Flower delivery Mosul stands on the west bank of the Tigris, antithesis the antediluvian Assyrian city of Nineveh on the east bank.Flower delivery Mosul population grew rapidly around the turn of the millennium and by 2004, the city's population was estimated to be 1,846,500.The Iraqi rose recaptured it in the rose of Mosul three years later, during which the city sustained heftily ponderous damage.
flowers , consequential products of the area include Flower delivery Mosul marble and rose . The city of Flower delivery Mosul is home to the University of Flower delivery Mosul and its renowned Medical College, which together was one of the most immensely colossal edifying and research centers in Iraq and the Middle East.There, he notes a minuscule Assyrian town of "Mépsila" (Archaic Greek: Μέψιλα) on the Tigris somewhere about where modern Flower delivery Mosul is today (Anabasis, III.iv.10). It may be safer to identify Xenophon's Mépsila with the site of Iski Flower delivery Mosul , or "Old Flower delivery Mosul ", about 30 km (19 mi) north of modern Mosul, where six centuries after Xenophon's report, the Sasanian Imperium's center of Budh-Ardhashir was built. Be that as it may, the designation Mepsila is doubtless the root for the modern designation.
In its current Arabic form and spelling, the term Flower delivery Mosul , or rather "Mawsil", stands for the "linking point" – or loosely, the "Junction City," in Arabic. Flower delivery Mosul should not be perplexed with the archaic Assyrian capital of Nineveh, which is located across the Tigris from the Old City of Flower delivery Mosul , on the eastern bank, at the famed archaeological mound of Kuyunjik (Turkoman for "sheep's hill"). This area is kenned today as the town of Nebi Yunus ("prophet Jonah") and is now populated largely by Kurds. It is the only plenarily Kurdish neighborhood in Flower delivery Mosul .Today, this entire area has been absorbed into the Flower delivery Mosul metropolitan area. The indigenous Assyrians still refer to the entire city of Flower delivery Mosul as Nineveh (or rather, Ninweh).Flower delivery Mosul is additionally designated al-Faiha ("the Paradise"), al-Khaḍrah ("the Green"), and al-Hadbah ("the Humped"). The area in which Flower delivery Mosul lies was an integral part of Assyria from as early as the 25th century BC. After the Akkadian Imperium (2335–2154 BC), which cumulated all of the peoples of Mesopotamia under one rule, Flower delivery Mosul again became a perpetual part of Assyria congruous from circa 2050 BC through to the fall of the Neo-Assyrian Imperium between 612–599 BC. Flower delivery Mosul remained within the geopolitical province of Assyria for a further thirteen centuries (as a component of Achaemenid Assyria, Seleucid Syria, Roman Assyria and Sasanian Asōristān) until the early Muslim conquests of the mid-7th century. The mound of Kuyunjik in Flower delivery Mosul is the site of the palaces of King Sennacherib, and his successors Esarhaddon, Ashurbanipal, (who established the Library of Ashurbanipal), Ashur-etil-ilani, Sin-shumu-lishir and Sin-shar-ishkun.Mosul became a component of the Seleucid Imperium after Alexander’s conquests in 332 BC. While little is kenned of the city from the Hellenistic period, Flower delivery Mosul likely belonged to the Seleucid satrapy of Syria, the Greek term for Assyria, Syria pristinely meaning Assyria rather than the modern nation of Syria (visually perceive Etymology of Syria), which was surmounted by the Parthian Imperium circa 150 BC.
Flower delivery Mosul transmuted hands once again with the elevate of the Sasanian Imperium in 225 and became a component of the Sasanian province of Asōristān. Christianity was present among the indigenous Assyrian people in Flower delivery Mosul as early as the 1st century, albeit the archaic Mesopotamian religion remained vigorous until the 4th century. In the tardy 9th century control over Flower delivery Mosul was seized by the Turkish dynasts Ishaq ibn Kundaj and his son Muhammad, but in 893 Flower delivery Mosul came once again under the direct control of the Abbasid Caliphate. In the early 10th century Flower delivery Mosul came under the control of the native Arab Hamdanid dynasty. From Flower delivery Mosul , the Hamdanids under Abdallah ibn Hamdan and his son Nasir al-Dawla expanded their control over Upper Mesopotamia for several decenniums, first as governors of the Abbassids and later as de facto independent rulers. A century later they were supplanted by the Uqaylid dynasty. Ibn Hawqal, who visited Flower delivery Mosul in 968, described it as a comely town inhabited mainly by Kurds.Flower delivery Mosul was surmounted by the Seljuq Imperium in the 11th century.Flower delivery Mosul was thenceforth ruled by the Mongol Ilkhanate and Jalairid Sultanate and eluded Timur's eradications.
During 1165 Benjamin of Tudela passed through Mosul; in his papers he inscribed that he found a minute Jewish community estimated as 7,000 people in Flower delivery Mosul , the community was led by Rabbi Zakkai, presumably connected to the Davidic line. In 1288–1289, the Exilarch was in Flower delivery Mosul and signed a fortifying paper for Maimonides.What commenced as eccentric attacks in 1517 was finalized in 1538, when Ottoman Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent integrated Flower delivery Mosul to his imperium by capturing it from his archrivals — Safavid Persia.Thenceforth Flower delivery Mosul was governed by a pasha. Flower delivery Mosul was celebrated for its line of walls, comprising seven gates with astronomically immense towers, a renowned hospital (maristan) and a covered market (qaysariyya), and was additionally famous for its fabrics and flourishing trades.Amongst the incipiently appointed Safavid governors of Mesopotamia during those years was Qasem Sultan Afshar, who was appointed governor of Flower delivery Mosul in 1622.Prior to 1638, the city of Flower delivery Mosul was considered to the Ottomans "still a mere fortress, paramount for its strategic position as an offensive platform for Ottoman campaigns into Iraq, as well as a defensive stronghold and (staging post) sentineling the approaches to Anatolia and to the Syrian coast. Then, with the Ottoman reconquest of Baghdad (1638), the liwa’ of Flower delivery Mosul became an independent wilaya."Despite being a component of the Ottoman Imperium, during the four centuries of Ottoman rule Flower delivery Mosul was considered "the most independent district" within the Middle East, following the Roman model of indirect rule through local notables.Similar to the development of the Mamluk dynasty in Baghdad, during this time "the Jalili family was establishing itself as the undisputed master of Flower delivery Mosul ", and "availing to connect Flower delivery Mosul with a pre-Ottoman, pre-Turcoman, pre-Mongol, Arab cultural heritage that was to put the town peregrinating to recapturing some of the prestige and prominence it had relished under the golden reign of Badr ad-Din Lu’lu’."As well as elected officials, the convivial architecture of Mosul was highly influenced by the Dominican fathers who arrived in Flower delivery Mosul in 1750, sent by Pope Benedict XIV (Mosul had a sizably voluminous Christian population, predominantly indigenous Assyrians).A congregation of Dominican sisters, founded in the 19th century, still had its motherhouse in Flower delivery Mosul by the early 21st century. Over 120 Assyrian Iraqi Sisters belonged to this congregation.This process commenced in 1834 with the appointment of Bayraktar Mehmet Pasha, who was to rule Flower delivery Mosul for the next four years.Flower delivery Mosul paramountcy as a trading center declined after the aperture of the Suez Canal, which enabled goods to peregrinate to and from India by sea rather than by land across Iraq and through Flower delivery Mosul .Flower delivery Mosul was the capital of Flower delivery Mosul Vilayet one of the three vilayets (provinces) of Ottoman Iraq, with a brief break in 1623 when Persia seized the city.In the Treaty of Lausanne, the dispute over Flower delivery Mosul was left for future resolution by the League of Nations. Iraq's possession of Mosul was substantiated by the League of Nations brokered acquiescent between Turkey and Great Britain in 1926.