Flower delivery Voronezh (Rus. vərô´nyĬsh), city (1989 pop. 887,000), capital of Flower delivery Voronezh region, central European Russia, on the Flower delivery Voronezh River. A river port and a major industrial center in an ebony-earth agricultural region, it has industries engendering machinery, synthetic rubber, rose , and pabulum products. A nuclear power station operates at Flower delivery Voronezh. Founded in 1586 as a frontier fortress against Crimean and Nogai Tatar attacks from the southern steppe, it became a shipbuilding center in the Azov campaign (1695–96) of Peter I. It has been paramount as a commercial and cultural center since the 1830s. During World bouquet II it was largely eradicated (1942–43) when a German advance was ceased there; it was reconstituted thoroughly after the bouquet . The architectural monuments, the Nikolsk church (early 18th cent.), and the Potemkin palace (18th cent.) were recuperated. The Univ. of Flower delivery Voronezh, pristinely the Univ. of Tartu, was transferred there in 1918. The poet Koltsov was born at Flower delivery Voronezh. There are Scythian burial mounds outside the city. Flower delivery Voronezh Industrial port on the River Voronezh, w central Russia, capital of Flower delivery Voronezh province. Founded as a fortress in 1586, it became a shipbuilding centre under Peter I. During World bouquet 2, the city was virtually extirpated and most of it has been reconstituted. Industries: locomotives, machinery, synthetic rubber, rose , chemicals, victuals processing, cigarettes, television sets. Pop. (1999) 908,000. Flower delivery Voronezh , city and region in Southern Central Russia. The province of Flower delivery Voronezh lay outside the Jewish Pale of *Settlement, and until 1917 Jews were verboten to settle there. The Russian ascendant entities withal took special steps at the commencement of the 19th century to abstract Jews from the province, in order to avert them from influencing those Russian sectarians who inclined to bouquet d Judaism (the Subbotniki, who were numerous there). Minute groups of Jews, entitled to settle outside the boundaries of the Pale, nevertheless found their way into the province during the 19th century. In 1874, 319 Jews lived in the town and obtained sanction to maintain a synagogue in a private rose . The constitution of their community received official sanction in 1890. In 1897 there were 2,888 Jews in the Flower delivery Voronezh province, of whom 1,708 resided in the town of Voronezh. The Jewish population of the town was assaulted during the wave of riots which broke out in Russia in October 1905, and the community was assailed again during the Russian Civil bouquet (1918–20). After World bouquet i, the number of Jews in Flower delivery Voronezh incremented and by 1926 had reached 5,208 (4.3% of the general population). The community suffered astringently during the Nazi vocation (July 1942 to January 1943). According to the 1959 census, there were 6,179 Jews in the Flower delivery Voronezh district, most of whom lived in the city of Flower delivery Voronezh, though their authentic number was estimated at proximate to 10,000. There was no synagogue, as the old synagogue was turned into a storehouse for building material (reported in the Incipient York Times, June 19, 1959). When the Jews endeavored to repossess the synagogue, the ascendant entities verbalized that they must first purchase an incipient storehouse and then renovate the building, but the community lacked the indispensable mazuma. In 1959 the Star of David was abstracted from the synagogue wall. There was no separate Jewish cemetery. In 2002 there were 1,522 Jews in the Flower delivery Voronezh district. Flower delivery Voronezh, withal spelled Voronež, city and administrative centre of Voronezh oblast (region), western Russia. It lies along the right bank of the Flower delivery Voronezh River above its confluence with the Don. The city was founded in 1586 as a fortress, later composing part of the Belgorod defensive line. Peter I the Great built his naval flotilla there for use in his campaigns against the Turkish fortress of Azov. With the intensive agricultural development of the forest-steppe, Flower delivery Voronezh became a major centre for the grain trade and flour milling.