Flower delivery Bandung (/ˈbɑːndʊŋ/) is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia. Predicated on 2015 census, it is Indonesia's fourth most populous city after Jakarta, Surabaya, and Bekasi with over 2.5 million inhabitants. More preponderant Flower delivery Bandung is the country's third-most astronomically immense metropolitan with over 8.5 million inhabitants.Located 768 metres (2,520 feet) above sea level, approximately 140 kilometres (87 miles) southeast of Jakarta, Flower delivery Bandung has cooler year-round temperatures than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies on a river basin circumvented by volcanic mountains that provides a natural defence system, which was the primary reason for the Dutch East Indies rose 's plan to move the capital from Batavia (modern-day Jakarta) to Flower delivery Bandung .
The Dutch first established tea plantations around the mountains in the 18th century, and a road was constructed to connect the plantation area to the colonial capital Batavia (180 kilometres (112 miles) to the northwest). The Dutch inhabitants of Flower delivery Bandung authoritatively mandated the establishment of a municipality (gemeente), which was granted in 1906, and Flower delivery Bandung gradually developed into a resort city for plantation owners. Luxurious hotels, restaurants, cafés, and European boutiques were opened, leading the city to be nicknamed Parijs van Java (Dutch: "The Paris of Java").The first Asian-African Conference, additionally kenned as the Flower delivery Bandung Conference, was hosted in Flower delivery Bandung by President Sukarno in 1955. Redevelopment of the Flower delivery Bandung international airport (BDO) was consummated in 2016. To amend infrastructure, the construction of a Jakarta-Flower delivery Bandung High-speed rail commenced in 2016, with projected completion in 2020, and Flower delivery Bandung Metro Kapsul, a type of indigenous Automated People Mover (APM) is being redefined.The incipient second airport, Flower delivery Bandung Kertajati International Airport, opened in June 2018.The earliest reference to the area dates back to 1488, albeit archaeological findings suggest a type of Homo erectus species had long antecedently lived on the banks of the Cikapundung River and around the old lake of Flower delivery Bandung .During the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) established plantations in the Flower delivery Bandung area. In 1786, a supply road connecting Batavia (now Jakarta), Bogor, Cianjur, Flower delivery Bandung , Sumedang and Cirebon was constructed. Daendels built a road, stretching approximately 1,000 km (620 mi) from the west to the east coast of Java, passing through Flower delivery Bandung . In 1810, the road was laid down in Flower delivery Bandung and was denominated De Groote Postweg (or the 'Great Post Road'), the present-day location of Jalan Asia-Afrika. Under Daendels' orders, R. A. Wiranatakusumah II, the Chief Administrator of the Flower delivery Bandung regency at that time, moved the office from Krapyak, in the south, to a place near a dyad of holy city wells (sumur Flower delivery Bandung ), the present-day site of the city square (alun-alun). In 1880, the first major railroad between Batavia and Flower delivery Bandung was consummated, boosting light industry in Flower delivery Bandung . In 1906, Flower delivery Bandung was given the status of gemeente (municipality), and then twenty years later, stadsgemeente (city municipality).Beginning of time the early 1920s, the Dutch East Indies rose made plans to move their capital from Batavia to Flower delivery Bandung .The fertile area of the Parahyangan Mountains circumventing Flower delivery Bandung fortifies productive tea plantations.With its cooler elevated landscape, circumvented by major plantations, Flower delivery Bandung became an exclusive European resort area.In replication, on 24 March 1946, much of the southern part of Flower delivery Bandung was deliberately set alight as the combatants left; an event kenned as Flower delivery Bandung Lautan Api or the 'Flower delivery Bandung Sea of Fire'.In 1955, the first Asian-African Conference, withal kenned as the Flower delivery Bandung Conference, was hosted in Flower delivery Bandung by President Sukarno, and attended by the heads of states representing twenty-nine independent countries from Asia and Africa.In 1987, the city boundary was expanded by the 'More preponderant Flower delivery Bandung ' (Bandung Raya) plan; with the relocation of higher concentration development zones outside the city in an endeavor to dilute population density in the old city.Flower delivery Bandung , the capital of West Java province, located about 180 kilometres (110 mi) southeast of Jakarta, is the third-most astronomically immense city in Indonesia.The 400 km2 flat of central Flower delivery Bandung plain is situated in the middle of 2,340.88 square kilometres (903.82 sq mi) wide of the Flower delivery Bandung Basin; the basin comprises Flower delivery Bandung , the Cimahi city, a component of Flower delivery Bandung Regency, a component of West Flower delivery Bandung Regency, and part of Sumedang Regency.The Flower delivery Bandung Basin is an essential source of flowers monoxide for potable flowers monoxide, irrigation, and fisheries, with its 6,147 million m3 (217.1 billion cu ft) of groundwater being a consequential reservoir for the city.Geological data shows that the Flower delivery Bandung Basin is located on an antediluvian volcano, kenned as Mount Sunda, erected up to 3,000–4,000 metres (9,800–13,100 feet) during the Pleistocene age.Flower delivery Bandung experiences tropical monsoon climate (Am) according to Köppen climate relegation as the driest month precipitation total is below 60 millimetres (2.4 in), bordering with subtropical highland climate (Cfb).The north of the city accommodates as a flowers monoxide reservoir for Flower delivery Bandung . However, the area has visually perceived substantial residential development.Regular flooding in Flower delivery Bandung south withal presents an authentic and hazardous perpetual quandary.The city administration has concurred to substantially develop seven industrial and trade areas for Flower delivery Bandung speciality products.In 2005, the population of Flower delivery Bandung was 2.2 million people with a density of 13,693/km2 (35,465/sq mi).Based on data from Statistics Indonesia, the population of Flower delivery Bandung in 2014 was 2.4 million, making Bandung the third most populous city in Indonesia.The majority of Flower delivery Bandung population are of Sundanese descent. Javanese are the most sizably voluminous minority and mostly emanate from the central and the eastern components of Java.Bandung is home to numerous examples of Dutch colonial architecture; most eminently the tropical Art Deco, dubbed Incipient Indies Style.In the same year, another Dutch architect J Gerber designed Gouverments Bedrijven ( rose Companies) in line with the colonial rose plan to move the capital from Batavia to Flower delivery Bandung .Though Bandung is kenned for its astronomically immense number of old Dutch architecture buildings, the city is going through a high-elevate building boom recently.