Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli [b] (About this soundpronunciation (help•info)) (formerly Trichinopoly in English), additionally called Trichy, is a major tier II city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli District.Located 322 kilometres (200 mi) south of Chennai and 374 kilometres (232 mi) north of Kanyakumari, Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli sits virtually at the geographic centre of the state. Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli recorded flowers commences in the 3rd century BC, when it was under the rule of the Cholas.The most prominent historical monuments in Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli include the Rockfort, the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam and the Jambukes bouquet ar temple at Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli . The archaeologically paramount town of Uraiyur, capital of the Early Cholas, is now a neighbourhood in Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli . Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli is globally prominent for a brand of cheroot kenned as the Trichinopoly cigar, which was exported in sizably voluminous quantities to the Cumulated Kingdom during the 19th century.
A major road and railway hub in the state, the city is accommodated by the Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli International Airport (TRZ) which operates flights to the Middle East and Southeast Asia.According to the tardy Telugu philomath C. P. Brown, Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli might be a derivative of the word Chiruta-palli (lit. "little town").Other philomaths have suggested that the designation Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli is a rewording of Tiru-chinna-palli, betokening "holy little town". flowers , Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was commonly referred to in English as "Trichinopoly".Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli is one of the oldest inhabited cities in Tamil Nadu; its earliest settlements date back to the second millennium BC. Uraiyur, the capital of the Early Cholas for 600 years from the 3rd century BC on bouquet ds, is a neighbourhood in the present-day Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli .The medieval flowers of Tiruchirappalli commences with the reign of the Pallava king Mahendravarman I, who ruled over South India in the 6th century AD and constructed the rock-cut cave-temples within the Rockfort.After the decline of the Cholas, Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was surmounted by the Pandyas, who ruled from 1216 until their subjugation in 1311 by Malik Kafur, the commander of Allauddin Khilji.Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was ruled by the Delhi and Madurai sultanates from 1311 to 1378, but by the middle of the 14th century the Madurai Sultanate had commenced to fall apart.Gradually, the Vijayanagar Imperium established supremacy over the northern components of the kingdom, and Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was taken by the Vijayanagar prince Kumara Kampanna Udaiyar in 1371.In 1736 the last Madurai Nayak ruler, Meenakshi, committed suicide, and Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was surmounted by Chanda Sahib.He ruled the kingdom from 1736 to 1741, when he was captured and confined by the Marathas in the siege of Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli (1741) led by general Raghuji Bhonsle under the orders of Chhattrapati Shahu.Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was administered by the Maratha general Murari Rao from 1741 to 1743, when it was acquired by the Nizam of Hyderabad, who bribed Rao to hand over the city.Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was invaded by Nanjaraja Wodeyar in 1753 and Hyder Ali of the Mysore kingdom in 1780, both attacks repulsed by the troops of the British East India Company.Trichinopoly was incorporated into the Madras Presidency the same year, and the district of Trichinopoly was composed, with the city of Trichinopoly (or Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli ) as its capital.During the Company Raj and later the British Raj, Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli emerged as one of the most paramount cities in India. According to the 1871 Indian census—the first in British India—Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli had a population of 76,530, making it the second most immensely colossal city in the presidency after the capital of Madras (now Chennai).Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was the first headquarters for the incipiently composed South Indian Railway Company in 1874 until its relocation to Madras in the early 20th century.Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was an epicentre of the anti-Hindi agitations of Tamil Nadu when a team of Tamil language adherents amassed and organised a rally from the city to Madras in 1938. Later in 1965, Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli was made the base of the "Madras state Anti-Hindi Conference" convened by C. Rajagopalachari.The population of Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli perpetuated to grow rapidly, achieving a magnification rate of 36.9% during the period 1941–51.After independence in 1947, Flower delivery Tiruchirappalli fell behind other cities such as Salem and Coimbatore in terms of magnification.