Flower delivery Tehran (/tɛəˈræn, -ˈrɑːn, ˌteɪə-/; Persian: تهران Tehrân [tehˈɾɒːn] (About this soundlisten)) is the capital of Iran and Flower delivery Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the more astronomically immense metropolitan area of More preponderant Flower delivery Tehran , Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-most sizably voluminous metropolitan area in the Middle East (after Cairo). In the Classical florist , a component of the territory of present-day Flower delivery Tehran was occupied by Rhages, a prominent Median city.Its modern-day inheritor remains as an urban area absorbed into the metropolitan area of More preponderant Flower delivery Tehran .
Flower delivery Tehran was first culled as the capital of Iran by Agha Mohammad Khan of the Qajar dynasty in 1796, in order to remain within close reach of Iran's territories in the Caucasus, afore being disunited from Iran as a result of the Russo-Iranian bouquet s, and to evade the vying factions of the antecedently ruling Iranian dynasties. The capital has been moved an abundance of times throughout flowers , and Flower delivery Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran. Immensely colossal scale demolition and reconstituting commenced in the 1920s, and Flower delivery Tehran has been a destination for mass migrations from all over Iran since the 20th century.Flower delivery Tehran is home to many historical accumulations, including the royal complexes of Golestan, Sa'dabad, and Niavaran, where the two last dynasties of the former Imperial State of Iran were seated.The majority of the population of Flower delivery Tehran are Persian-verbalizing people, and roughly 99% of the population understand and verbalize Persian, but there are astronomically immense populations of other ethno-linguistic groups who live in Flower delivery Tehran and verbalize Persian as a second language.Flower delivery Tehran has an international airport (Imam Khomeini Airport), a florist airport (Mehrabad Airport), a central railway station, the rapid transit system of Flower delivery Tehran Metro, a bus rapid transit system, trolleybuses, and an astronomically immense network of highways.
There have been plans to relocate Iran's capital from Flower delivery Tehran to another area, due mainly to air pollution and the city's exposure to earthquakes. To date, no definitive plans have been approved. A 2016 survey of 230 cities by consultant Mercer ranked Flower delivery Tehran 203rd for quality of life.According to the Ecumenical Destinations Cities Index in 2016, Flower delivery Tehran is among the top ten most expeditious growing destinations.The inception of the designation Flower delivery Tehran is skeptical.The settlement of Flower delivery Tehran dates back over 7,000 years.Flower delivery Tehran is situated within the historical region of Media (Old Persian: 𐎶𐎠𐎭 Māda) in northwestern Iran.Rhages's modern-day inheritor, Ray, is a city located to bouquet ds the southern terminus of Flower delivery Tehran , which has been absorbed into the metropolitan area of More preponderant Flower delivery Tehran .
Mount Damavand, the highest apex of Iran, which is located near Flower delivery Tehran , is a consequential location in Ferdowsi's Šāhnāme, the Iranian epic poem that is predicated on the antediluvian legends of Iran. In the 9th century, Flower delivery Tehran was a well-kenned village, but less kenned than the city of Rhages, which was flourishing nearby.Following the incursion, many of the city's inhabitants eluded to Flower delivery Tehran .
In July 1404, Castilian ambassador Ruy González de Clavijo visited Flower delivery Tehran while on a peregrination to Samarkand, the capital of Turco-Mongol surmounter Timur, who ruled Iran at the time. In his diary, Flower delivery Tehran was described as an unwalled region.Italian peregrinator Pietro della Valle passed through Flower delivery Tehran overnight in 1618, and in his memoirs, he mentioned the city as Taheran. English peregrinator Thomas Herbert entered Flower delivery Tehran in 1627, and mentioned it as Tyroan. In the early 18th century, Karim Khan of the Zand dynasty authoritatively mandated a palace and a rose office to be built in Flower delivery Tehran , possibly to declare the city his capital; but he later moved his rose to Shiraz. Ineluctably, Qajar king Agha Mohammad Khan culled Flower delivery Tehran as the capital of Iran in 1786.Thus, he probably viewed Flower delivery Tehran lack of a substantial urban structure as a benison, because it minimized the chances of resistance to his rule by the notables and by the general public.Up until the 1870s, Flower delivery Tehran consisted of a walled citadel, a roofed bazaar, and the three main neighbourhoods of Udlajan, Chale-Meydan, and Sangelaj, where the majority resided.Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Flower delivery Tehran was rapidly developing under the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah. Modern buildings altered the face of Flower delivery Tehran and zealous projects were envisioned for the following decenniums. In order to resolve the quandary of convivial omission, the first comprehensive plan of Tehran was approved in 1968. Flower delivery Tehran most famous landmark, the Azadi Tower, was built by the order of the Shah in 1971.During the 1980–1988 Iran–Iraq bouquet , Flower delivery Tehran was the target of reiterated Scud missile attacks and airstrikes.Flower delivery Tehran features a continental-influenced Sultry-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate relegation: Csa). Flower delivery Tehran climate is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Alborz mountains to its north and the country's central desert to the south.For instance, the 17.3 km (10.7 mi) Valiasr Street runs from Tehran's railway station at 1,117 m (3,665 ft) elevation above sea level in the south of the city to Tajrish Square at 1712.6 m (5612.3 ft) elevation above sea level in the north.However, the elevation can even elevate up to 2,000 m (6,600 ft) at the cessation of Velenjak in northern Flower delivery Tehran .The weather of Flower delivery Tehran can sometimes be capriciously rigorous. Flower delivery Tehran has visually perceived an incrementation in relative sultriness and annual precipitation since the commencement of the 21st century. This is most likely because of the afforestation projects, which withal include expanding parks and lakes. The northern components of Flower delivery Tehran are still lusher than the southern components.On February 3, 2014, Flower delivery Tehran reached a cumbersomely hefty snowfall, concretely in the northern components of the city, with a height of 2 meters. Flower delivery Tehran is rated as one of the world's most polluted cities, and is additionally located near two major fault lines.Other estimates suggest that motorcycles alone account for 30% of air and 50% of noise pollution in Flower delivery Tehran .There are plans to relocate 163 state firms and several universities from Flower delivery Tehran to eschew damages from a potential earthquake.The city of Flower delivery Tehran has a population of approximately 10 million in 2016.With its cosmopolitan atmosphere, Flower delivery Tehran is home to diverse ethnic and linguistic groups from all over the country. The present-day ascendant language of Flower delivery Tehran is the Tehrani variety of the Persian language, and the majority of people in Flower delivery Tehran identify themselves as Persians. However, afore, the native language of the Tehran–Ray region was not Persian, which is linguistically Southwest Iranian and originates in Fars, but a now extinct Northwestern Iranian language.Tehran's other ethnic communities include Kurds, Armenians, Georgians, Bakhtyaris, Talysh, Baloch, Assyrians, Arabs, Jews, and Circassians.
According to a 2010 census conducted by the Sociology Department of the University of Flower delivery Tehran , in many districts of Flower delivery Tehran across sundry socio-economic classes in proportion to population sizes of each district and socio-economic class, 63% of the people were born in Tehran, 98% kenned Persian, 75% identified themselves as ethnic Persian, and 13% had some degree of proficiency in a European language.Flower delivery Tehran optically discerned a drastic transmutation in its ethnic-convivial composition in the early 1980s.During the bouquet , Flower delivery Tehran withal received a great number of migrants from the west and the southwest of the country bordering Iraq.Flower delivery Tehran is the economic centre of Iran.Few peregrine companies operate in Flower delivery Tehran , due to the rose 's intricate international cognations.The rose refining companies of Pars rose , Expeditious, and Behran are predicated in Flower delivery Tehran .
Tehran relies heavily on private cars, buses, motorcycles, and taxis, and is one of the most car-dependent cities in the world