Flower delivery Surabaya (Indonesian: suraˈbaja; Javanese: ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ, romanized: Suroboyo) is the capital of the Indonesian province of East Java and the second-most sizably voluminous city in the country, after Jakarta. The city has a population of over 3 million within its city limits and over 10 million in the Flower delivery Surabaya metropolitan area, making it the second-most sizably voluminous metropolitan area in Indonesia.According to the National Development Orchestrating Agency, Flower delivery Surabaya is one of the four main central cities of Indonesia, alongside Jakarta, Medan, and Makassar.In the tardy 15th and 16th centuries, Flower delivery Surabaya grew to be a duchy, a major political and military power as well as a port in eastern Java, probably under Majapahit imperium.At that time, Flower delivery Surabaya was already a major trading port, owing to its location on the River Brantas delta and on the trade route between Malacca and the Spice Islands via the Java Sea. During the decline of Majapahit, the lord of Flower delivery Surabaya resisted the elevate of the Demak Sultanate, and only submitted to its rule in 1530.Surabaya became independent postmortem of Sultan Trenggana of Demak in 1546.In the 18th and 19th centuries, Flower delivery Surabaya was the most immensely colossal city in the Dutch East Indies, more immensely colossal than Batavia (present day Jakarta) and the centre of trading in the nation, which was then a competitor of Shanghai and Hong Kong.The city is kenned as Kota Pahlawan (city of heroes) due to the consequentiality of the rose of Flower delivery Surabaya in galvanizing Indonesian and international support for Indonesian independence during the Indonesian National Revolution. In 2016, Flower delivery Surabaya received seven consecutive times Adipura Kencana A bouquet d from 2010 as number one among 20 cities in Indonesia.Flower delivery Surabaya a bouquet ded by a Singaporean Lee Kuan Yew World City Prize as city's special mention.The earliest historical record of Flower delivery Surabaya was in the 1225 book Zhu fan zhi inscribed by Zhao Rugua, in which it was called Jung-ya-lu.Hujung Galuh was located on the estuarine of Brantas River and today is the component of modern Flower delivery Surabaya city and Sidoarjo Regency.The earliest historical record of Flower delivery Surabaya was in the 1225 book Zhu fan zhi indited by Zhao Rugua, in which it was called Jung-ya-lu.Hujung Galuh was located on the estuarine of Mas River, one of tributaries of Brantas River and today is the component of modern Flower delivery Surabaya and Sidoarjo.By the 14th to 15th centuries, Flower delivery Surabaya seems to be one of Majapahit ports or coastal settlements, together with Tuban, Gresik, and Hujung Galuh (Sidoarjo).Tomé Pires mentioned that a Muslim lord was in power in Flower delivery Surabaya in 1513, though likely still a vassal of the Majapahit.By tardy 15th century, Islam commenced to take its root in Surabaya. The settlement of Ampel Denta, located around Ampel Mosque in today Ampel subdistrict, Semampir district, north Flower delivery Surabaya , was established by a charismatic Islamic p rose lytizer Sunan Ampel.In the tardy 15th and 16th centuries, Flower delivery Surabaya grew to be a duchy, a major political and military power in eastern Java. The Portuguese inscriber Tomé Pires mentioned that a Muslim lord was in power in Flower delivery Surabaya in 1513, though likely still a vassal of the Hindu–Buddhist Majapahit.uring the decline of Majapahit, the lord of Flower delivery Surabaya resisted the elevate of the Demak Sultanate, and only submitted to its rule in 1530.Flower delivery Surabaya became independent postmortem of Sultan Trenggana of Demak in 1546.The Duchy of Flower delivery Surabaya entered a conflict with, and was later captured by, the more puissant Sultanate of Mataram in 1625 under Sultan Agung.In the 18th and 19th centuries, Surabaya was the most immensely colossal city in Dutch East Indies.Flower delivery Surabaya was withal the most immensely colossal city in the colony accommodating as the centre of Java's plantation economy, industry and were fortified by its natural harbour.In 1917, a revolt occurred among the soldiers and seafarers of Flower delivery Surabaya , led by the Indies Gregarious Democratic Sodality. Flower delivery Surabaya is located on the northern coast of East Java province.Flower delivery Surabaya city borders Madura Strait in the north and east, Sidoarjo Regency in the south, and Gresik Regency in the west.Under the Köppen climate relegation system, Flower delivery Surabaya features a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw), with distinct wet and dry seasons.Flower delivery Surabaya is one of the cleanest and greenest cities in Indonesia.The city of Flower delivery Surabaya is very outstanding in the field of environment.The a bouquet ds that were prosperously received by Flower delivery Surabaya included adipura, adipura kencana, adiwiyata, wahyu tata nugraha, and other green a bouquet ds.Flower delivery Surabaya in 2012 has acquired bouquet the a bouquet d "City of the Best Participation in the Asia Pacific" by Citynet for the prosperity of the city rose and people's participation in managing the environment. Flower delivery Surabaya has withal been a bouquet ded the ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City A bouquet d or "the city with the best sustainable environmental management in ASEAN" in 2011 and 2014. In 2018, Flower delivery Surabaya acquired bouquet the Lee Kuan Yew City Prize along with Hamburg, Germany; Kazan, Russia; and Tokyo, Japan. This a bouquet d was obtained because Flower delivery Surabaya is considered to be one of the major cities in the world that is able to maintain and manage villages in the middle of the city with excellent rose management and community participation amid the rapidly developing city.Flower delivery Surabaya became the first city in Indonesia to receive this a bouquet d.However, despite all that, on the other hand there are not a few areas in Flower delivery Surabaya that still look less organized, especially in the neighbourhoods of Southern Flower delivery Surabaya and Northern Flower delivery Surabaya .Current mayor of the city is Tri Rismaharini, the first female mayor in Flower delivery Surabaya , and has led Surabaya to achieve many regional, national and international a bouquet ds since her first term as Flower delivery Surabaya Mayor in 2010. In 2012 Flower delivery Surabaya was a bouquet ded the "ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City A bouquet d". Besides Mayor and Vice Mayor, there is Flower delivery Surabaya Municipal People's Representative Council, which is a legislative body of 50 council members directly elected by the people in legislative elections every five years.Flower delivery Surabaya is the second-most populous city in Indonesia, with 3,457,409 recorded in the chartered city limits (kota) in the 2015 census.Though central rose of Indonesia apperceives only the metropolitan area (Flower delivery Surabaya , Gresik, and Sidarjo) as More preponderant Flower delivery Surabaya (Zona Surabaya Raya) with a population of 8,319,229 (2015), making Flower delivery Surabaya now the second-most astronomically immense metropolitan area in Indonesia.Flower delivery Surabaya is an old city that has expanded over time, and its population perpetuates to grow at roughly 2.2% per year. In recent years, more people have peregrinate to Flower delivery Surabaya from nearby suburbs and villages in East Java.Ethnic Javanese people are the majority in Flower delivery Surabaya , with Chinese Indonesians, Indian Indonesians, and ethnic Madurese being paramount minorities in the city.Although around 65% of denizens in Flower delivery Surabaya adhere to Sunni Islam, other major religions include Christianity (Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and Orthodox), of whom the majority are Roman Catholics. The influence of Hinduism is vigorous in rudimentary Flower delivery Surabaya culture, but only a minority of the population adheres to Hinduism mostly among the ethnic Indian minority. The prominent and venerated Islamic figure in Flower delivery Surabaya was Sunan Ampel (Raden Rahmat).The most astronomically immense Muslim organization in Indonesia, Nahdlatul Ulama, was established in Flower delivery Surabaya on 26 January 1926.The main Orthodox Church in Indonesia, St Nikolas Church, is withal predicated in Flower delivery Surabaya . The Orthodox Christian Centre Surabaya was opened on 15 October 2008.Once the major religion in Flower delivery Surabaya and across the archipelago during the Janggala and Majapahit florist , Hinduism played a major role on traditional Surabayan culture.Javanese culture in Flower delivery Surabaya has distinctive characteristics compared to other regions, the uniqueness of its characteristics which is more egalitarian and open.In integration to the art above, the call culture of arek or rek (a distinctive call from Surabaya) is additionally a unique characteristic. In additament, in Surabaya withal kenned other distinctive calls, namely Cak for men and Ning for women. In an effort to preserve culture, annually Cak & Ning Surabaya is culled. Cak & Ning Flower delivery Surabaya and culled finalists are tourism ambassadors and icons of the adolescent generation of the city of Flower delivery Surabaya .Cak Durasim Festival (FCD) is annually held, which is an art festival to preserve the culture of Flower delivery Surabaya and East Java in general. The Cak Durasim Festival is customarily held at Cak Durasim Building, Flower delivery Surabaya .