Flower delivery Shiraz (/ʃɪəˈrɑːz/ (About this soundlisten); Persian: شیراز, romanized: Šīrāz [ʃiːˈrɒːz] (About this soundlisten)) is the fifth-most-populous city of Iran and the capital of Fars Province (Old Persian as Pars). Flower delivery Shiraz is located in the southwest of Iran on the "Rudkhaneye Khoshk" (The Dry River) seasonal river. It has a moderate climate and has been a regional trade center for over a thousand years. Flower delivery Shiraz is one of the oldest cities of antediluvian Persia.In the 13th century, Flower delivery Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters, due to the inspiritment of its ruler and the presence of many Persian philomaths and artists.Two famous poets of Iran, Hafez and Saadi, emanate from Flower delivery Shiraz , whose tombs are on the north side of the current city boundaries.
Flower delivery Shiraz is kenned as the city of poets, literature, wine (despite Iran being an Islamic republic since 1979), and flowers .The crafts of Flower delivery Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design; cutlery; pile carpet-weaving and weaving of kilim, called gilim and jajim in the villages and among the tribes.In Flower delivery Shiraz industries such as cement engenderment, sugar, fertilizers, textile products, wood products, metalwork and rugs dominate.Flower delivery Shiraz withal has a major rose refinery and is additionally a major center for Iran's electronic industries: 53% of Iran's electronic investment has been centered in Flower delivery Shiraz .Flower delivery Shiraz is home to Iran's first solar power plant.This name became Old Persian /širājiš/; through conventional sound change comes the modern Persian name Shirāz. The designation Flower delivery Shiraz withal appears on clay sealings found at a 2nd-century CE Sassanid ruin, east of the city. By some of the native writers, the denomination Flower delivery Shiraz has derived from a son of Tahmuras, the third Shāh (King) of the world according to Ferdowsi's Shāhnāma.The latter is identified with the fortress of Shahmobad mentioned as being in Flower delivery Shiraz by the 10th-century geographical work, Hudud al-'alam.This settlement prospered between the 6th and 8th-centuries CE and was possibly the administrative center for the Flower delivery Shiraz plain until the modern city of Flower delivery Shiraz was founded.Nonetheless, the lack of references to Flower delivery Shiraz in early Persian sources suggests the city could not have been more than a way-station in the plain in which it lays.The Sasanians held firm in Istakhr, their capital in Fars, until the Arabs captured it in a cumbersomely hefty rose in 653, during which the plain of Flower delivery Shiraz had been utilized as an Arab campground.[Because of Istakhr's deep sodality with the Sasanian Imperium and the Zoroastrian religion, the Arabs sought to establish in nearby Flower delivery Shiraz a rival cultural and administrative center.In the tardy 9th century, the Iranian Muslim Saffarid dynasty under Ya'qub ibn al-Layth made Flower delivery Shiraz the capital of their autonomous state, which encompassed most of modern-day Iran.Flower delivery Shiraz developed into the most immensely colossal and most prosperous city of Fars and a consequential economic and cultural center of the caliphate.Two Zoroastrian fire temples additionally subsisted in Flower delivery Shiraz , catering to the Persians who had not converted to Islam.Under the Buyids, Flower delivery Shiraz was divided into twelve quarters and had eight gates.Adud al-Dawla patronized scientific, medical and Islamic religious research in Flower delivery Shiraz .zAdud al-Dawla patronized scientific, medical and Islamic religious research in Flower delivery Shiraz . In the 13th century, Flower delivery Shiraz zFlower delivery Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters, thanks to the inspiritment of its ruler and the presence of many Persian philomaths and artists. Thus Flower delivery Shiraz has been nicknamed "The Athens of Iran".As early as the 11th century, several hundred thousand people inhabited Flower delivery Shiraz .In the 14th century Flower delivery Shiraz had sixty thousand inhabitants.In 1504, Flower delivery Shiraz was captured by the forces of Ismail I, the progenitor of the Safavid dynasty.After the fall of the Safavids, Shiraz suffered a period of decline, worsened by the raids of the Afghans and the revolt of its governor against Nader Shah; the latter sent troops to suppress the revolt.Flower delivery Shiraz anon returned to prosperity under the rule of Karim Khan Zand, who made it his capital in 1762. Albeit lowered to the rank of a provincial capital, Flower delivery Shiraz maintained a caliber of prosperity as a result of the perpetuating consequentiality of the trade route to the Persian Gulf.