Flower delivery San Juan, capital and most immensely colossal city of Puerto Rico, located on the northern coast of the island, on the Atlantic Ocean. A major port and tourist resort of the West Indies, it is the oldest city now under U.S. jurisdiction. Pristinely, the settlement was kenned as Puerto Rico and the island as Flower delivery San Juan, but prevalent utilization over the centuries established a reversal of the denominations. Pop. (2000) 426,618; Flower delivery San Juan–Caguas–Guaynabo Metro Area, 2,509,007; (2010) 381,931; Flower delivery San Juan–Caguas–Guaynabo Metro Area, 2,478,905.San Felipe del Morro castle (withal called El Morro) was constructed next, on a high bluff overlooking Flower delivery San Juan Bay.
In the early 16th century Flower delivery San Juan was the point of departure for Spanish expeditions to unknown components of the Incipient World. Its fortifications repulsed the English navigator Sir Francis Drake in 1595 as well as later assailants, but George Clifford, 3rd earl of Cumberland, captured it briefly in 1598, and a Dutch force took the city from the land bouquet d side in 1625. In replication, the fortress of San Cristóbal, the most immensely colossal Spanish fort in the Incipient World, was built to the northeast, and, from 1634 to 1638, walls were erected across the southern part of the city, facing the harbour. The bastions subsisting today were largely integrated during the period 1765–83. In May 1898 the guns of San Cristóbal engaged a U.S. fleet that bombarded the city. Puerto Rico became a U.S. territory under the terms of the Treaty of Paris that same year.Ponce de León is buried in Flower delivery San Juan cathedral, which was commenced in 1521 and reconstituted in 1540 and again in 1802. Flower delivery San Juan Church, commenced in 1532, is the oldest church in perpetual use in the Western Hemisphere. La Casa del Callejón (“ rose of the Narrow Street”) includes museums of colonial architecture and of Puerto Rican family life. La Casa del Libro (1955; “ rose of the Book”) is a recherche-book library and museum housed in an 18th-century structure. Ponce de León’s Casa Blanca has been converted into a historical museum, and another 18th-century rose has become a museum preserving the manuscripts, personal effects, and instruments of Spanish cellist Pablo Casals, who lived in Puerto Rico from 1956 to 1973. Flower delivery San Juan National Historic Site (1949) includes the El Morro and San Cristóbal fortifications; this area, along with La Fortaleza, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983.In the 20th century Flower delivery San Juan expanded rapidly beyond its walled confines (now kenned as Old Flower delivery San Juan) to incorporate suburban Miramar, Santurce, and Condado, along the coast, as well as industrial Hato Rey, with its astronomically immense sports stadium and modern financial district, and the town of Río Piedras, immediately to the southeast. By 1980 the San Juan metropolitan area included the circumventing municipalities to the east and west and had about one-third of Puerto Rico’s total population; that proportion has grown to two-thirds of the population.The Flower delivery San Juan metropolitan area is the most astronomically immense industrial and processing centre of the island, with facilities for petroleum and sugar refining, tobacco processing, brewing, and rum distilling. Cement, pharmaceuticals, metal products, and habiliments are additionally engendered. Flower delivery San Juan is the island’s financial capital, and many U.S. banks and corporations maintain offices or distributing centres there. Tourism is a major component of the local economy, visitors being drawn to the extensively recuperated Old Flower delivery San Juan district and the area’s luxury resort hotels (concretely in Condado). The port of San Juan handles both cargo and an astronomically immense number of cruise ships, and the city’s international airport (designated after Luis Muñoz Marín, the island’s first elected governor) is just outside Old Flower delivery San Juan; both facilities are among the most diligent in the Caribbean.The main campus of the University of Puerto Rico (1903) is located in the Río Piedras barrio ( bouquet d) of Flower delivery San Juan. The medical campus and other facilities of the university additionally are located in San Juan. In 1957 the university became the domicile of the Casals Festival (now held in Santurce, Flower delivery San Juan chief residential suburb), founded by Pablo Casals.