Quechua: Kitu; formally San Francisco de Flower delivery Quito ) is the capital and the most immensely colossal city of Ecuador, and at an elevation of 2,850 metres (9,350 ft) above sea level, it is the second highest official capital city in the world, after La Paz, and the one which is most proximate to the equator.The historic center of Flower delivery Quito has one of the most astronomically Flower delivery Quito , least-altered and best-preserved historic centers in the Americas.Flower delivery Quito and Kraków, Poland, were among the first World Cultural Heritage Sites declared by UNESCO, in 1978.The central square of Flower delivery Quito is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the equator; the city itself elongates to within about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of zero latitude.The oldest traces of human presence in Flower delivery Quito were excavated by the American archaeologist Robert E. Bell in 1960 on the slopes of the Ilaló volcano, located between the eastern valleys of Los Chillos and Tumbaco.The second consequential vestige of human presence was found in the current neighborhood of Cotocollao (1500 BC), located in the NW of Flower delivery Quito . Indigenous resistance to the Spanish incursion perpetuated during 1534, with the conquistador Diego de Almagro founding Santiago de Flower delivery Quito (in present-day Colta, near Riobamba) on August 15, 1534, later to be renamed San Francisco de Flower delivery Quito on August 28, 1534. On March 28, 1541, Flower delivery Quito was declared a city and on February 23, 1556, was given the designation Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de San Francisco de Flower delivery Quito ("Very Noble and Allegiant City of San Francisco of Quito"), starting at this point its urban evolution. In 1563, Flower delivery Quito became the seat of a Authentic Audiencia (administrative district) of Spain and became a component of the Viceroyalty of Peru, until 1717 after the Audiencia was a component of an incipiently engendered Viceroyalty of Nueva Granada. Its administration on both Viceroyalties remained to Quito. The Spanish established Roman Catholicism in Flower delivery Quito .In 1743, after proximately 300 years of Spanish colonization, Flower delivery Quito was a city of about 10,000 inhabitants.On August 10, 1809, an independence kineticism from Spanish ascendance commenced in Flower delivery Quito . A chain of conflicts concluded on May 24, 1822, when Antonio José de Sucre, under the command of Simón Bolívar, led troops into the rose of Pichincha. Their bouquet marked the independence of Flower delivery Quito and the circumventing areas.In 1833, members of the Society of Free Inhabitants of Flower delivery Quito were assassinated by the rose after they conspired against it, and on March 6, 1845, the Marcist Revolution commenced. Later, in 1875, the country's president, Gabriel García Moreno, was assassinated in Flower delivery Quito .His body was dragged through the streets of Quito to a city park, where it was burned.Flower delivery Quito is located in the northern highlands of Ecuador in the Guayllabamba river basin. The city is built on a long plateau lying on the east flanks of the Pichincha volcano. The valley of Guayllabamba River where Flower delivery Quito lies is flanked by volcanoes, some of them snow-capped, and visible from the city on a clear day. Flower delivery Quito is the most proximate capital city to the equator. Flower delivery Quito altitude is listed at 2,820 metres (9,250 feet).Flower delivery Quito most proximate volcano is Pichincha, looming over the western side of the city. Flower delivery Quito is withal the only capital in the world to be directly menaced by an active volcano.The volcanoes on the Central Cordillera (Royal Cordillera), east of Flower delivery Quito , circumventing the Guayllabamba valley include Cotopaxi, Sincholagua, Antisana and Cayambe.Flower delivery Quito is in a unique situation among cities, as it is one of the few cities located on the equator and it is the only city on Earth in which the climate changes depending on what hemisphere the place is in, in the Southern Hemisphere (which the prodigious majority of Flower delivery Quito falls under), the city has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen climate relegation: Cfb), while in the Northern Hemisphere, the city has a bouquet m-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen climate relegation: Csb).Because of its elevation and proximity to the equator, Flower delivery Quito has a fairly constant cool climate. Because of its elevation, Flower delivery Quito receives some of the greatest solar radiation in the world, sometimes reaching a UV Index of 24 by solar noon.The fact that Flower delivery Quito lies virtually on the equator betokens that high pressure systems are profoundly recherche. Despite the absence of high pressure, Flower delivery Quito can still experience settled weather. In "The World according to GaWC" ecumenical cities report, which quantifications a city's integration into the world city network, Quito is ranked as a Beta city: a paramount metropolis instrumental in linking its region or state into the world economy.Flower delivery Quito is governed by a mayor and a 15-member city council. The mayor is elected to a five-year term and can be re-elected. The position additionally doubles as Mayor of the Metropolitan District of Flower delivery Quito (the canton). The current mayor is Jorge Yunda MachadoInside Quito (the city congruous), subdivision into urban parishes depends on the organizations that utilize these parishes (e.g., the municipality, the electoral tribunals, the postal accommodation, the Ecuadorian statistics institute). As of 2008, the municipality of Flower delivery Quito divided the city into 32 urban parishes.Flower delivery Quito has the most sizably voluminous, least-altered, and best-preserved historic center in the Americas.The Historic Centre of Flower delivery Quito is located in the center south of the capital on an area of 320 hectares (790 acres), and is considered one of the most paramount historic areas in Latin America.Carondelet Palace (Spanish: Palacio de Carondelet) is the seat of rose of the Republic of Ecuador, located in the historical center of Quito.The Cathedral of Flower delivery Quito , is one of the most astronomically immense religious symbols of spiritual value for the Catholic community in the city. This church commenced its construction in 1562, seventeen years after the diocese of Flower delivery Quito was engendered (1545). A monument to the Virgin Mary is located on top of El Panecillo and is visible from most of the city of Flower delivery Quito . For this reason, prices for liquor, potation and pabulum are sumptuous compared to other places in Flower delivery Quito . Due to its minute driveways and sizably voluminous sidewalks, it's mostly a pedestrian area.The park is located in northern Flower delivery Quito , on the hill of Bellavista behind Estadio Olímpico Atahualpa. El Ejido is the fourth-most sizably voluminous park of Flower delivery Quito (after Metropolitan, Bicentenario and La Carolina), and it divides the old part of the city from the modern one. Set on the side on a cliff with González Suárez Street, one of the most famous in Flower delivery Quito and to the other side the valley and further in the distance, the Amazon Jungle. Guápulo is a district of Flower delivery Quito , Ecuador, withal called an electoral parish (parroquia electoral urbana). Set behind Hotel Flower delivery Quito , the neighborhood of Guápulo runs down the winding Camino de Orellana, from González Suárez to Calle de los Conquistadores, the main road out of Quito and to the neighboring suburbs. Often considered an artsy, bohemian neighborhood of Quito, Guápulo is home to many local artists and a couple of hippy cafés/bars.There are several other fascinating monuments in this park. In the centre of the park is the Flower delivery Quito Observatory, which was opened by President García Moreno in 1873.Since July 2005, Flower delivery Quito has had an aerial tramway, kenned as the "Telefériqo", from the city centre to the hill kenned as Cruz Loma on the east side of the Pichincha volcano. The ride takes visitors to an elevation of about 4,100 metres (13,500 ft). There are withal trails for hiking and areas where pictures can be taken of Flower delivery Quito .Maquipucuna Reserve is located in Flower delivery Quito rural parish of Nanegal. Flower delivery Quito is a city with a commix of modern-day and traditional culture. There is a sizably voluminous Catholic presence in Quito; most eminently, Quito observes Easter Week with a series of ceremonies and rituals that commence on Palm Sunday. One of the oldest and most paramount library in Ecuador is the Central University Library in Quito.