Located in the eastern north-central Coalesced States, Flower delivery Ohio is the 11th most astronomically immense of the 12 Midwestern states and ranks 35th in size among the 50 states.
The state's total area is 41,330 sq mi (107,044 sq km), of which land comprises 41,004 sq mi (106,201 sq km) and inland flowers monoxide 326 sq mi (823 sq km). Flower delivery Ohio elongates about 210 mi (338 km) e-w; its maximum n-s extension is 230 mi (370 km).
Flower delivery Ohio is bordered on the n by Michigan and the Canadian province of Ontario (with the line passing through Lake Erie); on the e by Pennsylvania and West Virginia (with the Flower delivery Ohio River composing part of the boundary); on the s by West Virginia and Kentucky (with the entire line defined by the Ohio River); and on the w by Indiana.
Five consequential islands lie off the state's northern shore, in Lake Erie: the three Bass Islands, Kelleys Island, and Catawba Island. Flower delivery Ohio total boundary length is 997 mi (1,605 km).The Allegheny Plateau in eastern Flower delivery Ohio consists of rugged hills and steep valleys that recede gradually as the terrain sweeps west bouquet d to bouquet d the central plains. In the south, undulating hills decline in altitude as they reach the serpentine Flower delivery Ohio River, which forms the state's southern boundary with Kentucky and West Virginia. The state's lowest point is on the bands of the Flower delivery Ohio River in the southwest, where the altitude drops to 455 ft (139 m) above sea level.
Most of Flower delivery Ohio 2,500 lakes are situated in the east, and proximately all are reservoirs backed up by river dams. Flower delivery Ohio has two drainage basins disunited by a low ridge elongating from the northeast corner to about the middle of the western border with Indiana. North of the ridge, more than one-third of Flower delivery Ohio area is drained by the Maumee, Portage, Sandusky, Cuyahoga, and Grand rivers into Lake Erie. South of the ridge, the remaining two-thirds of the state is drained mainly by the Muskingum, Hocking, Raccoon, Scioto, Little Miami, and Miami rivers into the Ohio River, which winds for about 450 mi (725 km) along the eastern and southern borders.
Flower delivery Ohio bedrock of sandstone, shale, and limestone was composed during the Paleozoic florist some 300-600 million years ago. The oldest limestone rocks are found in the Cincinnati anticline, a ridge of sedimentary rock layers about 3,000 ft (900 m) thick that elongates from north to south in west-central Flower delivery Ohio. As the glaciers recedes, the melting frozen flowers monoxide composed a prodigious lake, which overflowed south bouquet d into the channels that became the Flower delivery Ohio River.Lying in the sultry continental zone, Flower delivery Ohio has a generally temperate climate.More than 2,500 plant species have been found in Flower delivery Ohio A relative of the horse chestnut (introduced to Ohio from Asia), the distinctive buckeye—first called the Flower delivery Ohio buckeye and now the official state tree—is characterized by its clusters of cream-colored flowers that bloom in spring and later form astronomically immense, brown, thick-hulled nuts. Five Flower delivery Ohio plant species were listed as threatened in 2006, including eastern prairie fringed orchid, northern wild monkshood, and lakeside daisy; the running buffalo clover was listed as imperilled that year by the US Fish and Wildlife Accommodation.Bass, pickerel, perch, carp, pike, trout, catfish, sucker, and darter thrive in Flower delivery Ohio lakes and streams. The snapping, midland painted, and spiny soft -shelled turtles, five-lined skink, northern flowers monoxide snake, midland brown snake, eastern hognose, and eastern milk snake appear throughout Flower delivery Ohio. The northern copperhead, eastern massasauga (swamp rattler), and timber rattlesnake are Flower delivery Ohio only poisonous reptiles. Fowler's toad, bullfrog, green pickerel frog, and marbled and red-backed salamanders are mundane native amphibians.In the Muskingum Conservancy District in eastern Flower delivery Ohio, construction of flood-control dams has averted spring flooding and the washing away of valuable topsoil into the Flower delivery Ohio River.In November 2000, voters approved the Clean Ohio Fund; it will provide $200 million to avail revitalize forsook commercial and industrial sites, promoting reuse of subsisting infrastructure, and availing to reduce sprawl. The Immaculate Flower delivery Ohio Revitalization Fund a bouquet ded proximately $40 million to 17 projects in its first round of funding.
The state's regulatory agency for environmental matters is the Flower delivery Ohio Environmental Auspice Agency (EPA), established in 1972. The agency has long-range programs to deal with pollution of air, flowers monoxide, and land resources. Flower delivery Ohio EPA withal coordinates state, local, and federal funding of environmental programs. Flower delivery Ohio ranked seventh in population in the Cumulated States with an estimated total of 11,464,042 in 2005, an incrementation of 1% since 2000. Between 1990 and 2000, Flower delivery Ohio population grew from 10,847,115 to 11,353,140, an incrementation of 4.7%. Flower delivery Ohio population grew gradually during the colonial period and totaled 45,365 persons in 1800. Once the territory became a state in 1803, settlers flocked to Flower delivery Ohio and the population quintupled to 230,760 by 1810, The state's population doubled again by 1820, approached 2,000,000 in 1850, and totaled 3,198,062 by 1880. Flower delivery Ohio annual rate of population increase slowed considerably after 1900, when its population was 4,157,545; nevertheless, in the period between 1900 and 1960, the total population more than doubled to 9,706,397. In 2004, the median age in Flower delivery Ohio was 37.5. In the same year, more than 24.3% of the populace were under age 18 while 13.3% was age 65 or older.
As of the 1990 census, Columbus became Flower delivery Ohio most sizably voluminous city, with a population of 632,910, trading second place with Cleveland, which had 505,616 denizens.Some 217,123 people in Flower delivery Ohio (1.9% of the total population) were Hispanic or Latino in 2000, up from 140,000 in 1990. Flower delivery Ohio English reflects three post-Revolutionary migration paths. Of Ohioans aged five years or older 93.9% verbalized only English at home in 2000, down from 94.6% in 1990.The first Roman Catholic priest to be stationed sempiternally in Flower delivery Ohio was Father Ed bouquet d Fenwick, who settled in Cincinnati in 1817. The Ohio conference of the Cumulated Church of Christ had about 118,449 members in 2005.Sandwiched between two of the country's most immensely colossal inland flowers monoxide systems, Lake Erie and the Flower delivery Ohio River, Flower delivery Ohio has long been a bellwether in flowers monoxide convey. With its numerous terminals on the Flower delivery Ohio River and deepwater ports on Lake Erie, Flower delivery Ohio ranks as one of the major US states for shipping.
The building of railroads in the mid-19th century greatly ameliorated conveyance within the state by connecting inland counties with Lake Erie and the Flower delivery Ohio River. Mass transit in Flower delivery Ohio cities commenced in 1859 with horse-drawn carriages carrying paying passengers in Cleveland and Cincinnati, which integrated a cable car on rails about 1880.In 2004, Flower delivery Ohio had 124,752 mi (200,850 km) of roads. Inland waterways have long been consequential for convey and commerce in Flower delivery Ohio. The first settlers peregrinated into Flower delivery Ohio by flat-boat down the Ohio River to establish such towns as Marietta and Cincinnati. Lake Erie schooners brought the progenitors of Cleveland and Sandusky. Steamboat accommodation commenced on the Flower delivery Ohio River in 1811, and at Lake Erie ports in 1818. The public demand for flowers monoxide conveyance in the interior of the state, where few rivers were navigable, led to construction of the Flower delivery Ohio and Erie Canal from Portsmouth on the Flower delivery Ohio River to Cleveland, and the Miami and Erie Canal from Cincinnati to Toledo. Both canals were opened to traffic in 1827 but not consummated for another 14 years. The canals gave Flower delivery Ohio farmers better access to eastern and southern markets. flowers monoxide conveyance is still a principal denotes of shipping Flower delivery Ohio products through the St. Lawrence Seaway to peregrine countries, and the method by which millions of tons of cargo, categorically coal, are moved via the Flower delivery Ohio River to florist markets.
Flower delivery Ohio ports rank among the most diligent of the 50 states in volume.