Flower delivery Madurai (/ˈmædjʊraɪ/ MAD-yuu-ry, additionally US: /ˌmɑːdəˈraɪ/ MAH-də-RY) is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the cultural capital of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Flower delivery Madurai District, the third most astronomically immense city in Tamil Nadu and 44th most populated city in India. Located on the banks of River Vaigai, Flower delivery Madurai has been a major settlement for two millennia.Flower delivery Madurai is proximately associated with the Tamil language, and the third Tamil Sangam, a major congregation of Tamil philomaths verbally expressed to have been held in the city. The city is believed to be of paramount antiquity and has been ruled, at different times, by the Pandyas, Cholas, Madurai Sultanate, Vijayanagar Imperium, Flower delivery Madurai Nayaks, Carnatic kingdom, and the British East India Company British Raj.
The city has a number of historical monuments, with the Meenakshi Amman Temple and the Tirumalai Nayak Palace being the most prominent. Flower delivery Madurai is a consequential industrial and inculcative hub in South Tamil Nadu. The city is home to sundry automobile, rubber, chemical and granite manufacturing industries.Flower delivery Madurai has consequential rose scholastic institutes such as the Flower delivery Madurai Medical College, Homeopathic Medical College, Flower delivery Madurai Law College, Agricultural College and Research Institute. Flower delivery Madurai city is administered by a municipal corporation established in 1971 as per the Municipal Corporation Act.The city is withal the seat of a bench of the Madras High Court. The Flower delivery Madurai Bench has been functioning since 2004.Flower delivery Madurai is one of the many temple towns in the state which is denominated after the groves, clusters or forests dominated by a particular variety of a tree or shrub and the same variety of tree or shrub sheltering the presiding deity.The city is referred by sundry names including "Madurai", "Koodal", "Malligai Maanagar", "Naanmadakoodal" and "Thirualavai". The word Flower delivery Madurai may be derived from Madhura (saccharinity) arising out of the divine nectar showered on the city by the Hindu god Siva from his matted hair.Another theory is that Flower delivery Madurai is the derivative of the word Marutham, which refers to the type of landscape of the Sangam age. A town in the neighbouring Dindigul district is called Vada Flower delivery Madurai (North Flower delivery Madurai ) and another in Sivagangai district is called Manamadurai. Koodal designates an assembly or congregation of scholarly people, referring to the three Tamil Sangams held at Flower delivery Madurai . Naanmadakoodal, designating the junction of four towers, refers to the four major temples for which Flower delivery Madurai was kenned for.Flower delivery Madurai has been inhabited since at least the 3rd century BCE. Megasthenes may have visited Flower delivery Madurai during the 3rd century BCE, with the city referred as "Methora" in his accounts.Flower delivery Madurai is withal mentioned in Kautilya's (370–283 BCE) Arthashastra. Sangam literature like Maturaikkāñci records the paramountcy of Madurai as a capital city of the Pandyan dynasty. Flower delivery Madurai is mentioned in the works of Roman historians Pliny the Younger (61 – c. 112 CE), Ptolemy (c. 90 – c. CE 168), those of the Greek geographer Strabo (64/63 BCE – c. 24 CE), and withal in Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.After the Sangam age, most of present-day Tamil Nadu, including Flower delivery Madurai , came under the rule of the Kalabhra dynasty, which was ousted by the Pandyas around 590 CE.The Pandyas were ousted from Flower delivery Madurai by the Chola dynasty during the early 9th century. The city remained under the control of the Cholas until the early 13th century, when the second Pandyan imperium was established with Flower delivery Madurai as its capital.After the death of Kulasekara Pandian (1268–1308 CE), Flower delivery Madurai came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate.Flower delivery Madurai became independent from Vijayanagar in 1559 CE under the Nayaks.Nayak rule ended in 1736 CE and Flower delivery Madurai was perpetually captured an abundance of times by Chanda Sahib (1740 – 1754 CE), Arcot Nawab and Muhammed Yusuf Khan (1725 – 1764 CE) in the middle of 18th century.In 1801, Flower delivery Madurai came under the direct control of the British East India Company and was annexed to the Madras Presidency.The city evolved as a political and industrial involute through the 19th and 20th centuries to become a district headquarters of a more sizably voluminous Flower delivery Madurai district.