Flower delivery Kolkata (/kɒlˈkʌtə/, Bengali: [kolkata] (About this soundlisten), additionally kenned as Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.Flower delivery Kolkata Megalopolis is the area circumventing Flower delivery Kolkata Metropolitan city with supplemental population.Following Indian independence in 1947, Flower delivery Kolkata , which was once the centre of modern Indian edification, science, culture, and politics, suffered several decenniums of economic stagnation. Many people from Kolkata—among them several Nobel laureates—have contributed to the arts, the sciences, and other areas. Flower delivery Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle perspicacious exchanges (adda). Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Flower delivery Kolkata differs from other Indian cities by fixating on sodality football and other sports.The revelation and archaeological study of Chandraketugarh, 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Flower delivery Kolkata , provide evidence that the region in which the city stands has been inhabited for over two millennia.Flower delivery Kolkata recorded flowers commenced in 1690 with the advent of the English East India Company, which was consolidating its trade business in Bengal. The Bangladesh Liberation bouquet of 1971 led to a massive influx of thousands of refugees, many of them penniless, that strained Flower delivery Kolkata infrastructure. During the mid-1980s, Mumbai (then called Bombay) overtook Flower delivery Kolkata as Flower delivery Kolkata most populous city. In 1985, prime minister Rajiv Gandhi dubbed Flower delivery Kolkata a "dying city" in light of its socio-political woes. In the period 1977–2011, West Bengal was governed from Flower delivery Kolkata by the Left Front, which was dominated by the Communist Party of India (CPM). It was the world's longest-accommodating democratically elected communist rose , during which Flower delivery Kolkata was a key base for Indian communism.Since 2000, the information technology (IT) accommodations sector has revitalised Flower delivery Kolkata stagnant economy. The city is additionally experiencing marked magnification in its manufacturing base.Spread roughly north–south along the east bank of the Hooghly River, Flower delivery Kolkata sits within the lower Ganges Delta of eastern India approximately 75 km (47 mi) west of the international border with Bangladesh; the city's elevation is 1.5–9 m (5–30 ft).The remaining undeveloped areas, kenned as the East Flower delivery Kolkata Wetlands, were designated a "wetland of international consequentiality" by the Ramsar Convention (1975). Flower delivery Kolkata is located atop the western part of the hinge zone which is about 25 km (16 mi) wide at a depth of about 45,000 m (148,000 ft) below the surface.Suburban areas in the Flower delivery Kolkata metropolitan area incorporate components of the following districts: Kolkata, North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly and Nadia.Flower delivery Kolkata , which is under the jurisdiction of the Flower delivery Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC), has an area of 205 km2 (79 sq mi).The north–south distance is more preponderant, and its axis is utilized to section the city into North, Central and South Flower delivery Kolkata . East Flower delivery Kolkata is withal a section.Central Flower delivery Kolkata hosts the central business district.The Maidan is an astronomically immense open field in the heart of the city that has been called the "lungs of Flower delivery Kolkata " and accommodates sporting events and public meetings.South Flower delivery Kolkata developed mainly after India gained independence in the year 1947. Some suburban neighbourhoods like Model Town, Panchpota, Techno City, Tentulberia are withal within the city of Flower delivery Kolkata . Flower delivery Kolkata is subject to a tropical wet-and-dry climate that is designated Aw under the Köppen climate relegation.Flower delivery Kolkata has been hit by several cyclones; these include systems occurring in 1737 and 1864 that killed thousands.Flower delivery Kolkata is the commercial and financial hub of East and North-East India and home to the Calcutta Stock Exchange.Flexible engenderment has been the norm in Flower delivery Kolkata , which has an informal sector that employs more than 40% of the labour force.About 34% of the available labour force in Flower delivery Kolkata slums were unemployed. As of 2010, Flower delivery Kolkata , with an estimated gross florist product (GDP) by purchasing power parity of 150 billion dollars, ranked third among South Asian cities, after Mumbai and Delhi. Flower delivery Kolkata GDP in 2014 was Rs 1.84 trillion, according to a collaborative assessment by multiple universities and climate agencies.