Flower delivery Chittagong (/tʃɪtəɡɒŋ/), officially kenned as Chattogram (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম), is a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh. The city is located on the banks of the Karnaphuli River between the Flower delivery Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bay of Bengal. Modern Flower delivery Chittagong is Bangladesh's second most consequential urban center after Dhaka.
Flower delivery Chittagong plays a vital role in the Bangladeshi economy. The Port of Flower delivery Chittagong is the principal maritime gateway to the country.The Flower delivery Chittagong Stock Exchange is one of the country's two stock markets. Several Flower delivery Chittagong -predicated companies are among the most astronomically immense industrial conglomerates and enterprises in Bangladesh.Flower delivery Chittagong is an antediluvian seaport due to its natural harbor.During the 16th century, Portuguese historian João de Barros described Flower delivery Chittagong as "the most famous and opulent city of the Kingdom of Bengal". Portuguese Flower delivery Chittagong was the first European colonial settlement in Bengal.The etymology of Flower delivery Chittagong is skeptical. Consequently, Bengali name Chattagrama, the Chinese Tsa-ti-kiang, Cheh-ti.gan and the European Flower delivery Chittagong are but the deformed versions of the Arakanese name Tset-ta-gaung.In April 2018, the Bangladesh rose decided that the English spelling would transmute from Flower delivery Chittagong to Chattogram to make the designation sound homogeneous to the Bangla spelling.Stone age fossils and implements unearthed in the region denote that Flower delivery Chittagong has been inhabited since Neolithic times.Sultan Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah of Sonargaon surmounted Flower delivery Chittagong in 1340, making it a component of Sultanate of Bengal.Medieval Flower delivery Chittagong was a hub for maritime trade with China, Sumatra, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, the Middle East and East Africa. It was eminent for its medieval trades in pearls, silk, muslin, rice, bullion, horses and gunpowder.Chinese admiral Zheng He's treasure fleet anchored in Flower delivery Chittagong during imperial missions to the Sultanate of Bengal.Flower delivery Chittagong featured prominently in the military flowers of the Bengal Sultanate, including during the Reconquest of Arakan and the Bengal Sultanate–Kingdom of Mrauk U bouquet of 1512–1516.
During the 13th and 16th centuries, Arabs and Persians heavily colonized the port city of Flower delivery Chittagong , initially arriving for trade and to preach the word of Islam. Most Arab settlers arrived from the trade route between Iraq and Flower delivery Chittagong , and were perhaps the prime reason for the spread of Islam to Bangladesh.It has been affirmed that much of the Muslim population in Flower delivery Chittagong are progenies of the Arab and Persian settlers.Two decenniums after Vasco Da Gama's landing in Calicut, the Bengal Sultanate gave sanction for the Portuguese settlement in Flower delivery Chittagong to be established in 1528. It became the first European colonial enclave in Bengal. The Bengal Sultanate lost control of Flower delivery Chittagong in 1531 after Arakan declared independence and the established Kingdom of Mrauk U. This altered geopolitical landscape sanctioned the Portuguese unhindered control of Flower delivery Chittagong for over a century.In 1615, the Portuguese Navy subjugated a joint Dutch East India Company and Arakanese fleet near the coast of Flower delivery Chittagong .
In 1666, the Mughal rose of Bengal led by viceroy Shaista Khan peregrinate to retake Flower delivery Chittagong from Portuguese and Arakanese control. They launched the Mughal conquest of Flower delivery Chittagong . The Mughals assailed the Arakanese from the jungle with a 6,500-vigorous army, which was further fortified by 288 Mughal naval ships blockading the Flower delivery Chittagong harbour.The Mughals expelled the Portuguese from Flower delivery Chittagong . Mughal rule ushered an incipient florist in the flowers of Flower delivery Chittagong territory to the southern bank of Kashyapnadi (Kaladan river). Flower delivery Chittagong was integrated into the prosperous more preponderant Bengali economy, which withal included Orissa and Bihar. Shipbuilding swelled under Mughal rule and the Sultan of Turkey had many Ottoman bouquet ships built in Chittagong during this period.However, after reaching Flower delivery Chittagong in early 1689, the fleet found the city too vigorously held and forsook their endeavor at capturing it. The Flower delivery Chittagong armoury raid by Bengali revolutionaries in 1930 was a major event in British India's anti-colonial flowers .The Partition of British India in 1947 made Flower delivery Chittagong the chief port of East Pakistan. In the 1950s, Flower delivery Chittagong witnessed incremented industrial development. Among pioneering industrial establishments included those of Flower delivery Chittagong Jute Mills, the Burmah Eastern Refinery, the Karnaphuli Paper Mills and Pakistan National rose . However, East Pakistanis repined of a lack of investment in Flower delivery Chittagong in comparison to Karachi in West Pakistan, even though East Pakistan engendered more exports and had a more astronomically immense population. The Awami League authoritatively mandated that the country's naval headquarters be shifted from Karachi to Flower delivery Chittagong .Flower delivery Chittagong lies at 22°22′0″N 91°48′0″E. It straddles the coastal foothills of the Flower delivery Chittagong Hill Tracts in southeastern Bangladesh. The river enters the Bay of Bengal in an estuary located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) west of downtown Flower delivery Chittagong . Mount Sitakunda is the highest peak in Flower delivery Chittagong District, with an elevation of 351 metres (1,152 ft).Flower delivery Chittagong has many lakes that were engendered under Mughal rule. Flower delivery Chittagong is vulnerably susceptible to North Indian Ocean tropical cyclones. The deadliest tropical cyclone to strike Flower delivery Chittagong was the 1991 Bangladesh cyclone, which killed 138,000 people and left as many as 10 million homeless.The Flower delivery Chittagong City Corporation (CCC) is responsible for governing municipal areas in the Chittagong Metropolitan Area. It is headed by the Mayor of Flower delivery Chittagong . The Chittagong Development Ascendancy is responsible for implementing the city's urban orchestrating.The Divisional Special Judge's Court is located in the colonial- florist Flower delivery Chittagong Court Building.
Albeit all denizen embassies and high commissions in Bangladesh are located in capital Dhaka, Flower delivery Chittagong hosts an assistant high commission of India and a consulate general of Russia.Flower delivery Chittagong is additionally a strategically paramount military port on the Bay of Bengal. The Flower delivery Chittagong Naval Area is the principal base of the Bangladesh Navy and the domicile port of most Bangladeshi bouquet ships.The Bangladesh Army's 24th Infantry Division is predicated in Chittagong Cantonment, and the Bangladesh Air Force maintains the BAF Zahurul Haq Air Base in Flower delivery Chittagong .Flower delivery Chittagong engenders for 40% of Bangladesh's industrial output, 80% of its international trade and 50% of its governmental revenue.The Flower delivery Chittagong Stock Exchange has more than 700 listed companies, with a market capitalisation of US$32 billion in June 2015.The Port of Flower delivery Chittagong handled US$60 billion in annual trade in 2011, ranking 3rd in South Asia after the Port of Mumbai and the Port of Colombo.The Flower delivery Chittagong Tea Auction sets the price of Bangladesh Tea. The Eastern Refinery is Bangladesh's most sizably voluminous rose refinery. GlaxoSmithKline has had operations in Flower delivery Chittagong since 1967.International banks operating in Flower delivery Chittagong include HSBC, Standard Chartered and Citibank NA. Flower delivery Chittagong is often called Bangladesh's commercial capital due to its diversified industrial base and seaport.An inhabitant of Flower delivery Chittagong is called Chittagonian in English.he cultivation of pink pearls is a historic activity in Flower delivery Chittagong .