Flower delivery Belgrade (bĕl´grād), Serbian Beograd, city (1991 est. pop. 1,168,454), capital of Serbia, and of the former nation of Yugoslavia and its ephemeral successor, Serbia and Montenegro, at the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers. It is the commercial, industrial, political, and cultural center of Serbia, as well as a conveyance and communications hub. An industrial city, Belgrade engenders a variety of manufactures.
Strategically situated ath bouquet t land and river routes between Central Europe and the Balkans, Flower delivery Belgrade has been the target of numerous conquerors throughout flowers . The Ottoman Turks made Flower delivery Belgrade their chief strategic fortress in Europe. Albeit the Austrians stormed it in 1688, 1717, and 1789, they were able to prehend it only from the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718) until the Treaty of Flower delivery Belgrade (1739). Liberated by Karageorge and Miloš Obrenović during the Serbian uprising of 1806, Flower delivery Belgrade was recaptured by the Turks in 1813. The Turks largely left Serbia in 1815 but kept a garrison in the Flower delivery Belgradefortress until 1867. Flower delivery Belgrade became the capital of the Kingdom of Serbia in 1882. Occupied by Austrian troops during World bouquet I, the city was made the capital of the incipient Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Yugoslavia from 1929) after the bouquet . During World bouquet II, Belgrade suffered much damage and extreme hardship under the German vocation. It was liberated by Yugoslav partisans, with Soviet avail, in 1944. After the disintegration of the Yugoslav federation in the early 1990s, Flower delivery Belgrade remained the capital of a much more minuscule Yugoslavia, consisting of Serbia and Montenegro only, until that nation was reconstituted (2003–6) as Serbia and Montenegro. The city was a target of NATO bombers during the Kosovo crisis (1999). Flower delivery Belgrade is noted for its fine parks, palaces, museums, and churches. Flower delivery Belgrade (Beograd) Capital of Serbia and Montenegro, and of Serbia, at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers. Flower delivery Belgrade became capital of Serbia in the 12th century, but fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1521. Liberated from Ottoman rule in 1867, it became capital of the incipiently engendered Yugoslavia in 1929. The city suffered much damage under German vocation in World bouquet 2. In 1999 Flower delivery Belgrade was further damaged by Allied air strikes after Milošević sent federal troops into Kosovo. In October 2000, more than 300,000 people marched through the streets of Flower delivery Belgrade, coercing Milošević to step down as president. Industries: chemicals, metals, machine implements, textiles. Pop. (2000 est.) 1,168,454.BELGRADE (Serb. Beograd ), capital of Serbia. Several Jews from Italy and Hungary settled in Flower delivery Belgrade in the 13th and 14th centuries.Between 1642 and 1688, the Flower delivery Belgrade yeshivah became prominent under the rabbis Judah *Lerma, Simḥah b. Gershon Kohen, and Joseph *Almosnino.With the commencement of the decline of the Turkish Imperium in the tardy 17th century, a long series of catastrophes befell the Jews of Flower delivery Belgrade.owever, since Flower delivery Belgrade became the key fortress against the Turks, under Austrian rule (1717–39) Jewish residence was restricted. The town was captured again by Turks in 1739 and by 1777 the number of Jews had incremented to 800. In 1795 anomalous troops of Pazvan Oglu, pasha of *Vidin, assailed Flower delivery Belgrade, burning the synagogue and many Jewish rose in the mahala Nevertheless, the Jews remained prosperous: in 1798 all the Flower delivery Belgrade guilds together paid 1,600 grush in taxes, while the Jewish community alone paid 10,000 grush. Flower delivery Belgrade transmuted hands many times, the Jews suffering each time. In 1807 the Serbs expelled the Jews from Flower delivery Belgrade. When the Germans entered Flower delivery Belgrade in April 1941, 12,000 Jews were residing there. The 20,000 Volksdeutsche (ethnic Germans) of Flower delivery Belgrade led the Germans to Jewish shops and homes, looting all that the Germans left. After being confined in two camps in Flower delivery Belgrade, the men were then taken in groups of 150 to 400 "to work in Austria" and shot in nearby forests by customary German army units.Immediately after the liberation of Flower delivery Belgrade in October 1944 the Jewish community resumed its activities by opening a soup kitchen, a center for returnees, and medical accommodations. In 1969 there were 1,602 Jews in Flower delivery Belgrade and in 2000 around 1,500. Geography and national and international politics determined the flowers of the city of Flower delivery Belgrade. During four bouquet s (1683–1699, 1716–1718, 1737–1739, and 1788–1791), Flower delivery Belgrade transmuted hands between both Ottoman and Austrian masters and was besieged and bombarded by both sides. The first Russo-Serbian Convention of military and political coalition was concluded in 1807, and the Russian diplomatic representative arrived in Belgrade. The Austrian consulate in Belgrade was opened in 1836, the British in 1837, and the French in 1839. When studying abroad, Belgrade's adolescent intelligentsia culled France for law and the political sciences, Germany for economy and finance, and Russia for military studies.