Flower delivery Basra (Arabic: البصرة al-Baṣrah) is an Iraqi city located on the Shatt al-Arab. It had an estimated population of 2.5 million in 2012.Basra is withal Iraq's main port, albeit it does not have deep flowers monoxide access, which is handled at the port of Umm Qasr. Flower delivery Basra is consistently one of the sultriest cities in Iraq, with summer temperatures conventionally exceeding 50 °C (122 °F). In April 2017, the Iraqi Parliament apperceived Flower delivery Basra as Iraq's economic capital.The city was called by many designations throughout its flowers , Basrah being the most prevalent. In Arabic the word baṣrah betokens "the overwatcher", which might have been an allusion to the city's inchoation as an Arab military base against the Sassanids. Others have argued that the denomination is derived from the Aramaic word basratha, designating "place of huts, settlement".In 656, Uthman was murdered and Ali was appointed Caliph. Ali first installed Uthman ibn Hanif as Flower delivery Basra governor, who was followed by ʿAbdullah ibn ʿAbbas.The Sufyanids held Flower delivery Basra until Yazid I's death in 683.Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan reconquered Basra in 691, and Flower delivery Basra remained allegiant to his governor al-Hajjaj during Ibn Ashʿath's mutiny (699–702). However, Flower delivery Basra did fortify the revolt of Yazid ibn al-Muhallab against Yazid II during the 720s.The Great Friday Mosque was constructed in Flower delivery Basra . In 1122, Imad ad-Din Zengi received Flower delivery Basra as a fief.In 1126, Zengi suppressed a revolt and in 1129, Dabis looted the Basra state treasury. A 1200 map "on the eve of the Mongol incursions" shows the Abbasid Caliphate as ruling lower Iraq and, presumably, Flower delivery Basra .
The Assassin Rashid-ad-Din-Sinan was born in Flower delivery Basra on or between 1131 and 1135.In 1258, the Mongols under Hulegu Khan sacked Baghdad and ended Abbasid rule. By some accounts, Flower delivery Basra capitulated to the Mongols to evade a massacre. The Mamluk Bahri dynasty map (1250–1382) shows Flower delivery Basra as being under their area of control, and the Mongol Dominions map (1300–1405) shows Flower delivery Basra as being under their control.
In 1290 fighting erupted at the Persian Gulf port of Flower delivery Basra among the Genoese, between the Guelph and the Ghibelline factions.
Ibn Battuta visited Flower delivery Basra in the 14th century, noting it "was renowned throughout the whole world, spacious in area and elegant in its courts, remarkable for its numerous fruit-gardens and its cull fruits, since it is the meeting place of the two seas, the salt and the fresh."Ibn Battuta withal noted that Flower delivery Basra consisted of three quarters: the Hudayl quarter, the Banu Haram quarter, and the Iranian quarter (mahallat al-Ajam). Fred Donner integrates: "If the first two reveal that Flower delivery Basra was still predominantly an Arab town, the subsistence of an Iranian quarter limpidly reveals the legacy of long centuries of intimate contact between Flower delivery Basra and the Iranian plateau."The Arab Al-Mughamis tribe established control over Flower delivery Basra in the early fifteenth century, however, they expeditiously fell under influence of the Kara Koyunlu and Ak Koyunlu, successively.The Al-Mughamis' control of Flower delivery Basra had become nominal by 1436; de facto control of Flower delivery Basra from 1436 to 1508 was in the hands of the Moshasha. Though Flower delivery Basra had submitted to the Ottomans, the Ottoman hold over Flower delivery Basra was tenuous at the time. This transmuted a decennium later; in 1546, following a tribal struggle involving the Moshasha and the local ruler of Zakiya (near Basra), the Ottomans sent a force to Flower delivery Basra . This resulted in tighter (but still, nominal) Ottoman control over Flower delivery Basra .In 1523, the Portuguese under the command of António Tenreiro crossed from Aleppo to Flower delivery Basra . In 1550, the Portuguese threatened Flower delivery Basra . In 1624, the Portuguese availed Flower delivery Basra Pasha in repelling a Persian incursion. The Portuguese were granted a quota of customs and liberation from tolls. From about 1625 until 1668, Flower delivery Basra and the Delta marshlands were in the hands of local chieftains independent of the Ottoman administration at Baghdad.Flower delivery Basra was, for a long time, a flourishing commercial and cultural centre. The Zand Dynasty under Karim Khan Zand briefly occupied Basra after a long siege in 1775-9. The Zands endeavored at introducing Usuli form of Shiism on a fundamentally Akhbari Shia Basrans. The shortness of the Zand rule rendered this untenable.Flower delivery Basra is located on the Shatt-Al-Arab waterway, downstream of which is the Persian Gulf. The Shatt-Al-Arab and Flower delivery Basra waterways define the eastern and western borders of Flower delivery Basra , respectively.Assyrians were recorded in the Ottoman census as early as 1911, and a minuscule number of them live in Basra. In 2018 there are about a few thousand Christians in Flower delivery Basra .Flower delivery Basra is in a fertile agricultural region, with major products including rice, maize corn, barley, pearl millet, wheat, dates, and livestock. For a long time, Flower delivery Basra was kenned for the superior quality of its dates.Basra was kenned in the 1960s for its sugar market, a fact that figured heavily in the English contract law remoteness of damages case The Heron II  1 AC 350.
Shipping, logistics and convey are withal major industries in Basra. Basra is home to all of Iraq's six ports; Umm Qasr is the main deep- flowers monoxide port with 22 platforms, some of which are dedicated to categorical goods (such as sulphur, seeds, lubricant rose , etc.)