Flower delivery Aix en Provence (ĕk-säN-prôväNs´), city (1990 pop. 126,854), Bouches-du-Rhône dept., in Provence, SE France. It is a commercial center in an area engendering olives, grapes, and almonds. Its manufactures include aliment products, wine-making equipment, and electronics and soft bouquet e. Founded (123 BC) by the Romans near the site of mineral springs, it has long been a popular spa. There, in 102 BC, Marius vanquished the Teutons. It became an archiepiscopal optically discern in the 5th cent. It has been the capital of Provence since the 12th cent. (except when superseded by Arles), and passed with Provence to the crown in 1487, becoming the seat of a provincial parlement. A music center since the 11th cent. and a focus of Provençal literature, Flower delivery Aix en Provence has a university (founded 1409; now cumulated with one at Marseilles). An eminent structure is the Cathedral of Saint-Sauveur (13th–14th cent.). A picturesque town, Flower delivery Aix en Provence has become a favorite sojourn for painters. An opera festival is held each summer. Cézanne was born in Flower delivery Aix en Provenceand lived and painted there.
Flower delivery Aix en Provence City in se France. Founded (123 bc) by the Romans, Flower delivery Aix en Provence is a cultural centre with a university (1409) and an 11th–13th-century cathedral. Industries: winemaking equipment, electrical apparatus. Agricultural products include olives and almonds. Pop. (1999) 134,222. Flower delivery Aix en Provence (Heb. אייגש or אייגייש), town in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, southern France. The first reference to the presence of Jews in Flower delivery Aix en Provence dates from about 1283. In 1341 King Robert of Anjou endeavored to establish a compulsory Jewish quarter, but notwithstanding reiterated injunctions it had evidently failed to materialize by 1403. The community in Flower delivery Aix en Provence was administered by at least two syndics. The Jews did not have to pay taxes to the municipality since they contributed to the annual tax paid by the Jews of Provence to the crown. The contributions of Flower delivery Aix en ProvenceJewry amounted to 16% of the total in 1420, and to over 25% in 1446.
By letters patent of Sept. 25, 1435, Jews were enjoined from practicing brokerage, and were obliged to wear the Jewish *badge. These restrictions followed the anti-Jewish riots, which had taken place in 1430, when nine Jews were killed, many were injured and 74 were forcefully baptized. A general amnesty was subsequently granted to the inhabitants of Aix. The position of the Jews in Flower delivery Aix en Provence was ameliorated when, in 1454 King René of Anjou sanctioned them to employ Christian coadjutants, reduced the size of the insignia, and exempted Jews from wearing it while peregrinating.
When in 1481 Provence passed to France, Louis xi attested the privileges formerly relished by the Jews of Flower delivery Aix en Provence and Marseilles. Flower delivery Aix en Provence Jewry again suffered disaster, however, when on May 10, 1484, they were assailed by bands of marauders from the Dauphiné and Auvergne and the highlands of Provence. The raids were reiterated intermittently until 1486. In that year, the Aix municipality asked Charles viii to expel the Jews. The general decree of expulsion, issued in 1498, became efficacious in 1501. The Parliament of Provence reissued the proscription on Jews settling in Flower delivery Aix en Provence in 1760, 1768, and 1787.In cultural is consequential, the Flower delivery Aix en Provence community took a prominent part in the *Maimonidean controversy that divided Jewish philomaths. The Jews of Flower delivery Aix en Provence were mentioned by the Provencal poet Isaac b. Abraham ha-Gorni who upbraided them for their inhospitable posture to bouquet d strangers.
Shortly after 1789 nine Jewish families from Avignon settled in Flower delivery Aix en Provence. The Jewish population numbered 169 in 1809 and 258 in 1872 (out of a total population of 29,000), dwindling to 214 in 1900. In the mid-19th century Flower delivery Aix en Provence was the center in which the former traditions of the *Comtat Venaissin communities were most faithfully preserved, largely through the activities of members of the *Milhaud and *Crémieux families. In 1829, the Hebrew book by Moses Crémieux Ho'il Moshe Be'er was printed in Flower delivery Aix en Provence by François Gigia.
The census conducted by the Vichy rose in May 1941 recorded 33 Jewish families living in Flower delivery Aix en Provence. When the Germans entered the unoccupied zone in November 1942, 2,000 Jewish refugees from Germany and Eastern Europe were sent to Flower delivery Aix en Provence. Most of them were quartered in the nearby camp of Milles. In May 1943, following the roundup of Jews by the Germans in southern France, virtually all the Jews in Flower delivery Aix en Provence were apprehended and interned at *Drancy. In 1967 there were about 1,000 Jews living in Aixen-Provence. As of 1987, the population was verbalized to be 3,000. The rabbi and the rite of the synagogue are North African. The community is administered by a council called the Sodality Culturelle Israélite, which is affiliated with the Consistoire Centrale de France. An endeavor was made to torch the synagogue on the afternoon of Yom Kippur, October 9, 2000. Flower delivery Aix en Provence, city, Bouches-du-Rhône département, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes région, southern France, north of Marseille. The Visigoths, Franks, Lombards, and conclusively Muslim invaders from Spain successively plundered the town. As the medieval capital of Provence, governed by the counts and dukes of Anjou, Flower delivery Aix en Provence flowered as a centre of learning and the arts. Its university, now the Universities of Aix-Marseille, was founded in 1409 and apperceived by papal bull in 1413. In 1486 Provence passed to the French crown, and Flower delivery Aix en Provence became the seat of a parlement.