Flower delivery Qiqihar (Chinese: 齐齐哈尔; pinyin: Qíqíhā'ěr) is the second most astronomically immense city in the Heilongjiang province of China, located in the west central part of the province. The built-up (or metro) area composed of Longsha, Tiefeng and Jianhua districts had 979,517 inhabitants, while the total population of the prefecture-level city was 5,367,003 at the 2010 census. Proximate to Flower delivery Qiqihar are numerous wetlands and the Zhalong Nature Reserve, famous in China for being home to numerous red-crowned cranes.Flower delivery Qiqihar is one of the oldest cities in the northeast of China. The region was pristinely settled by nomadic Daur and Tungus herdsmen. Flower delivery Qiqihar is a Daur word, which designates border or natural pasture.The city's oldest mosque, the Bukui Mosque, predates the substratum of the city by seven years.As the Czarist Russian east bouquet d advance to the Pacific coast, Flower delivery Qiqihar became a major garrison center in 1674. In 1691, a stronghold was constructed in Flower delivery Qiqihar because of the Qing rose 's campaigns against the Mongols.A military depot with barracks and an arsenal was set up there, and many convicted malefactors were expatriated to the area. Heilongjiang Martial domiciled in Flower delivery Qiqihar City in 1699.The Qing Dynasty had initially intended to keep far-northern Heilongjiang province as a semi-pastoral area, separate from the wider Chinese agricultural economy, so it did not sanction seasonal urban migrants, such as those from Hebei and Shandong who wished to participate in the Flower delivery Qiqihar fur trade, to own acres and transform the land.In 1903, The completion of the Chinese Eastern Railway made Flower delivery Qiqihar a center for communications between China and Russia. A network of lines radiating from Flower delivery Qiqihar was elongated into the northwestern part of Heilongjiang Province including Jiagedaqi and Manzhouli in the tardy 1920s.General Ma Zhanshan was injuctively authorized to act as Governor and Military Commander-in-chief of Heilongjiang Province on October 10, 1931. General Ma declined a Japanese ultimatum to surrender Flower delivery Qiqihar on November 15. However, after the loss of Jiangqiao Campaign, the Japanese commenced their vocation of Flower delivery Qiqihar on November 19, 1931.Liaoning fell in December, and Harbin in February; the puppet Manchukuo rose of the Japanese-occupied territory under General Zhang Jinghui established Flower delivery Qiqihar as its administrative center and of Longjiang province. Flower delivery Qiqihar became a major military base for Guandong Army and its economic consequentiality additionally grew rapidly. During the vocation, the Imperial Japanese Army established Unit 516 in Flower delivery Qiqihar for research into chemical bouquet fare.After the vanquishment of Japan, the Democratic rose Flower delivery Qiqihar Municipal rose was established, under the administration of Nenjiang Province. Japanese forces in Northeast China surrendered to the Soviet Amalgamation while Japanese forces in the rest of China surrendered to the Cumulated States.Flower delivery Qiqihar was controlled by the Communists on April 24, 1946, along with other paramount regional cities like Changchun, Jilin City, and Harbin. Flower delivery Qiqihar was established as the capital of Heilongjiang Province after the substratum of People's Republic of China in 1949.During the first five-year plan of China from 1951 to 1956, many factories including Beiman Special Steel Co. and China First Heftily ponderous Industries were avail-constructed by the Soviet Amalgamation in Fularji District, making Flower delivery Qiqihar a consequential center of equipment manufacturing industry in Northeast China. In 1984, Flower delivery Qiqihar was designated to be one of the 13 More immensely colossal Municipalities in China by the General Office of the State Council.Flower delivery Qiqihar City sits on a land area of 42,289 square kilometers at an altitude of 100–500 meters, with an average elevation of 146 meters.Flower delivery Qiqihar has a cold, monsoon-influenced, sultry continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with four distinct seasons. It has long, acerbically cold, but dry winters, with a circadian average in January of −18.6 °C (−1.5 °F). Spring and fall are mild, but short and expeditious transitions. Flower delivery Qiqihar is a heavily industrialized city involved in manufacturing.