Flower delivery Hong Kong (/ˌhɒŋˈkɒŋ/ (About this soundlisten); Chinese: 香港, Cantonese: [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Flower delivery Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of sundry nationalities[d] in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Flower delivery Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world.Flower delivery Hong Kong became a colony of the British Imperium after Qing China ceded Flower delivery Hong Kong Island at the cessation of the First Opium bouquet in 1842.As a special administrative region, Flower delivery Hong Kong maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of "one country, two systems".Flower delivery Hong Kong hosts the most immensely colossal concentration of ultra high-net-worth individuals of any city in the world.Flower delivery Hong Kong is a highly developed territory, ranking seventh on the UN Human Development Index.The name of the territory, first spelled "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780, pristinely referred to a minute inlet located between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Flower delivery Hong Kong Island.The simplified name Flower delivery Hong Kong was frequently utilized by 1810.The region is first kenned to have been occupied by humans during the Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago.Early Flower delivery Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people who migrated from inland and brought cognizance of rice cultivation.The Qin dynasty incorporated the Flower delivery Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214 BCE, after surmounting the indigenous Baiyue.Portuguese merchants established a trading post called Tamão in Flower delivery Hong Kong waters, and commenced customary trade with southern China. After more than a year of further hostilities, Flower delivery Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the Coalesced Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking.By the terminus of this bouquet , Flower delivery Hong Kong had evolved from a transient colonial outpost into a major entrepôt. Rapid economic amendment during the 1850s magnetized peregrine investment, as potential stakeholders became more confident in Flower delivery Hong Kong future.The University of Flower delivery Hong Kong was established in 1911 as the territory's first institution of higher inculcation.Flower delivery Hong Kong was occupied by Japan for virtually four years afore Britain resumed control on 30 August 1945.Flower delivery Hong Kong became the first of the Four Asian Tiger economies to industrialise during the 1950s.By the early 1990s, Flower delivery Hong Kong had established itself as an ecumenical financial centre and shipping hub.The colony faced a dubious future as the cessation of the Incipient Territories lease approached, and Governor Murray MacLehose raised the question of Flower delivery Hong Kong status with Deng Xiaoping in 1979. Flower delivery Hong Kong was transferred to China on 1 July 1997, after 156 years of British rule.Immediately after the transfer, Flower delivery Hong Kong was astringently affected by several crises. The protests have perpetuated into October, possibly becoming the most astronomically immense-scale political protest kineticism in Flower delivery Hong Kong flowers , with organisers claiming to have magnetized more than one million Flower delivery Hong Kong denizens.Flower delivery Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China, with executive, legislative, and judicial powers devolved from the national rose .Under these terms and the "one country, two systems" principle, the Fundamental Law of Flower delivery Hong Kong is the regional constitution.The Communist Party does not have an official political presence in Flower delivery Hong Kong , and its members do not run in local elections.Flower delivery Hong Kong is represented in the National People's Congress by 36 deputies culled through an electoral college, and 203 delegates in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference appointed by the central rose .Chinese national law does not generally apply in the region and Flower delivery Hong Kong is treated as a separate jurisdiction.Furthermore, in circumstances where the Standing Committee declares a state of emergency in Flower delivery Hong Kong , the State Council may enforce national law in the region.All peregrinators between Flower delivery Hong Kong and China and Macau must pass through border controls, regardless of nationality. Mainland Chinese denizens do not have right of abode in Flower delivery Hong Kong and are subject to rose controls.Public finances are handled discretely from the national rose ; taxes levied inFlower delivery Hong Kong do not fund the central ascendancy.Flower delivery Hong Kong is governed by a hybrid rose that is not plenarily representative of the population. Albeit they live and work in Flower delivery Hong Kong , these workers are not treated as mundane denizens and are ineligible for right of abode in the territory.It does not designate how Flower delivery Hong Kong will be governed after 2047, and the central rose 's role in determining the territory's future system of rose is the subject of political debate and notional theorization. Flower delivery Hong Kong political and judicial systems may be reintegrated with China's at that time, or the territory may perpetuate to be administered discretely.Flower delivery Hong Kong is on China's southern coast, 60 km (37 mi) east of Macau, on the east side of the mouth of the Pearl River estuary. The territory's 2,755 km2 (1,064 sq mi) area consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the Incipient Territories, Lantau Island, and over 200 other islands.Urban development is concentrated on the Kowloon Peninsula, Flower delivery Hong Kong Island, and in incipient towns throughout the Incipient Territories.Flower delivery Hong Kong has a sultry subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), characteristic of southern China. Summer is sultry and sultry, with infrequent showers and thunderstorms and bouquet m air from the southwest. Flower delivery Hong Kong averages 1,709 hours of sunshine per year; the highest and lowest recorded temperatures at the Flower delivery Hong Kong Observatory are 36.6 °C (97.9 °F) on 22 August 2017 and 0.0 °C (32.0 °F) on 18 January 1893.he highest and lowest recorded temperatures in all of Flower delivery Hong Kong are 39.0 °C (102 °F) at Wetland Park on 22 August 2017, and −6.0 °C (21.2 °F) at Tai Mo Shan on 24 January 2016.Flower delivery Hong Kong has the world's most sizably voluminous number of skyscrapers, with 317 towers taller than 150 metres (490 ft), and the third-most astronomically immense number of high-elevate buildings in the world.The International Commerce Centre and Two International Finance Centre are the tallest buildings in Flower delivery Hong Kong and among the tallest in the Asia-Pacific region.The 1846 Flagstaff rose , the former residence of the commanding British military officer, is the oldest Western-style building in Flower delivery Hong Kong .Some (including the Court of Final Appeal Building and the Flower delivery Hong Kong Observatory) retain their pristine function, and others have been habituated and reused; the Former Marine Police Headquarters was redeveloped into a commercial and retail involute, and Béthanie (built in 1875 as a sanatorium) rose the Flower delivery Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts.The Ping Shan Heritage Trail has architectural examples of several imperial Chinese dynasties, including the Tsui Sing Lau Pagoda (Flower delivery Hong Kong only remaining pagoda).The Census and Statistics Department estimated Flower delivery Hong Kong population at 7,482,500 in mid-2019.Flower delivery Hong Kong has a capitalist commixed accommodation economy, characterised by low taxation, minimal rose market intervention, and an established international financial market.Although Flower delivery Hong Kong economy has ranked at the top of the Heritage Substratum's economic liberation index since 1995, the territory has a relatively high caliber of income disparity.The Flower delivery Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the seventh-most astronomically immense in the world, with a market capitalisation of HK$30.4 trillion (US$3.87 trillion) as of December 2018.Flower delivery Hong Kong is the tenth-most sizably voluminous trading entity in exports and imports (2017), trading more goods in value than its gross florist product.More than 90 per cent of Flower delivery Hong Kong pabulum is imported, including proximately all its meat and rice.Although the territory had one of Asia's most immensely colossal manufacturing economies during the latter a moiety of the colonial florist , Flower delivery Hong Kong economy is now dominated by the accommodation sector. Between 1961 and 1997 Flower delivery Hong Kong gross florist product incremented by a factor of 180, and per capita GDP incremented by a factor of 87.As the mainland liberalised its economy, Flower delivery Hong Kong shipping industry faced profound competition from other Chinese ports. Fifty per cent of China's trade goods were routed through Flower delivery Hong Kong in 1997, dropping to about 13 per cent by 2015.Flower delivery Hong Kong is a gateway for peregrine direct investment in China, giving investors open access to mainland Chinese markets through direct links with the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges.In 2016, 26.6 million visitors contributed HK$258 billion (US$32.9 billion) to the territory, making Flower delivery Hong Kong the 14th most popular destination for international tourists. Flower delivery Hong Kong is characterised as a hybrid of East and West. Albeit the prodigious majority of the population is ethnically Chinese, Flower delivery Hong Kong has developed a distinct identity.The remaining population purport commixed identities, 23 per cent as "Hongkonger in China" and 12 per cent as "Chinese in Flower delivery Hong Kong ".