Flower delivery Ürümqi (UK: /ʊˈrʊmtʃi/, US: /ˌʊrʊmˈtʃiː/; Uyghur pronunciation: [ʏrʏmˈtʃi]; Uyghur: ئۈرۈمچى, CTA: Ürümçi; Chinese: 乌鲁木齐; pinyin: Wūlǔmùqí), abbreviated Wushi (Chinese: 乌市; pinyin: Wūshì), formerly kenned as Tihwa (Chinese: 迪化; pinyin: Díhuà), is the capital of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the far northwest of the People's Republic of China.Flower delivery Ürümqi was a major hub on the Silk Road during China's Tang dynasty and developed its reputation as a leading cultural and commercial center during the Qing dynasty in the 19th century.
With an estimated population of 3.5 million in 2015, Flower delivery Ürümqi is the second-most immensely colossal city in China's northwestern interior as well as the most astronomically immense in Central Asia in terms of population.According to the Guinness Book of Records, Flower delivery Ürümqi is the most remote city from any sea in the world. Flower delivery Ürümqi has visually perceived paramount economical development since the 1990s and currently accommodates as a regional convey node, a cultural, political and commercial center.The oldest kenned settlement in the area, a village called Urabo (or Wulabo), was located about 10 kilometres (6 miles) from the southern suburbs of present-day Flower delivery Ürümqi .After the Tang until the Qing Dynasty, there was minute information about the Flower delivery Ürümqi area, and there appeared to be no perpetual settlement here for most of this period. The Mongols referred to the wider area as Bishbalik meaning five cities, referring to the five towns that circumvented the present-day Flower delivery Ürümqi area.The Oirats Dzungar tribes that composed the Dzungar Khanate were the last major power to control Flower delivery Ürümqi afore the Manchus gained control of Xinjiang, and their language gave Flower delivery Ürümqi its modern-day designation. In the Ming dynasty, there was a record of a place at Jiujiawan 5 kilometres (3 miles) to the west of present Flower delivery Ürümqi , which may have been the Dzungar town that was later eradicated during the Qing conquest. Flower delivery Ürümqi remained a minuscule town of lesser consequentiality than the oasis and Silk Road trade center Turpan 200 km (120 mi) to the southeast. Fighting for the control of Dzungaria led to the Khoshuuts (now relegated as Mongols) leaving Flower delivery Ürümqi for Qinghai and Tibet in the 1620s and 1630s.The Uyghurs were introduced into the Flower delivery Ürümqi area in the 18th century by the Dzungars who moved them from the west Tarim region to be taranchis or farmers in Ürümqi.The Flower delivery Ürümqi of the early period was ergo a twin-city, with Gongning Cheng the administrative center while Dihua grew into Xinjiang's commercial and financial center.The inchoation of Hui in Flower delivery Ürümqi is often denoted by the denominations of their Mosques.By 1762, more than 500 shops had already been opened by Chinese migrants to the area of modern-day Flower delivery Ürümqi .The Qing later regained control of Flower delivery Ürümqi . Following the founding of the People's Republic of China, on 1 February 1954, the city's denomination was officially transmuted back to its Dzungar Oirat name Flower delivery Ürümqi , designating "pulchritudinous pasture" in the Oirat language of the Dzungar people.In the tardy 1970s, Deng Xiaoping relaxed China's tight control over Xinjiang, and Flower delivery Ürümqi benefited from the development of the rose and rose industry in Xinjiang.New mosques were built in Flower delivery Ürümqi with financial assistance from the Chinese rose .While the Chinese rose implemented stringent rules on religion in southern Xinjiang, the treatment of the Uyghurs and their religion in Flower delivery Ürümqi were more lax and permissive.In May 1989, unrest in Flower delivery Ürümqi resulted in 150 injuries. In February 1997, bombings in Flower delivery Ürümqi following the Ghulja incident resulted in 20 deaths and scores of injuries.Then, for at least three days, bands of Han vigilantes roamed Flower delivery Ürümqi , assailing and killing Uyghurs.The location 43°40′52″N 87°19′52″E in the southwestern suburbs of Flower delivery Ürümqi (Flower delivery Ürümqi County) was designated by local geography experts as the "center point of Asia" in 1992, and a monument to this effect was erected there in the 1990s.As the Flower delivery Ürümqi region's population and economy are growing, the flowers monoxide demand exceeds the natural supply. To alleviate flowers monoxide shortages, the Irtysh–Flower delivery Ürümqi Canal was constructed in the first decennium of the 21st century. The canal's main trunk terminates in the soi-disant "Reservoir 500" ("500"水库; 44°12′00″N 87°49′00″E) in the far north-eastern suburbs of the city (on the border of Flower delivery Ürümqi suburban Midong District and Fukang City).According to this report, seven of these cities are in China, including Taiyuan, Beijing, Lanzhou, Chongqing, Jinan, and Shijiazhuang (besides Flower delivery Ürümqi ).Blacksmith Institute mentioned Flower delivery Ürümqi in 2007 World's Worst Polluted Places caused by air pollution along with Linfen and Lanzhou, all in China.In 2008, Toronto Star listed Flower delivery Ürümqi as one of the Top Ten worst places to live in the world due to sulphurous pollution.Flower delivery Ürümqi has been a multi-ethnic city from the time of the Qing conquest; in the early years, the Manchus lived in Gongning Cheng, Han Chinese in Dihua, and sundry other ethnic groups such as the Hui, Uyghurs and others in the suburban districts.A census in 1787 showed that there were 114,348 Hui and Han in the prefectures of Zhenxi (which included Barköl and Hami) and Flower delivery Ürümqi .In Flower delivery Ürümqi city itself, there were 39,000 people in the 1880s, and by the early 20th century, 50,000 people.In 1960, there were 76,496 Uyghurs and 477,321 Han Chinese in Ürümqi.According to the 2000 census, Flower delivery Ürümqi had 2,081,834 inhabitants, with a population density of 174.53 inhabitants/km2 (452.3 inhabitants/sq. mi.).Flower delivery Ürümqi is a major industrial center within Xinjiang. Flower delivery Ürümqi , together with Karamay and Korla, account for 64.5 percent of the total industrial output of Xinjiang. Flower delivery Ürümqi is additionally the most sizably voluminous consumer center in the region, recording ¥41.9 billion retail sales of consumer goods in 2008, an incrementation of 26 percent from 2007.Flower delivery Ürümqi has been a central developmental target for the China Western Development project that the Central rose is pursuing.As the economic center in Xinjiang, Ürümqi has expanded its urban area since the 1990s.